UMass Amherst PSYCH 350 - Study Guide Exam 3 (5 pages)

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Study Guide Exam 3



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Study Guide Exam 3

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Pages:
5
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 350 - Developmental Psychology

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Study Guide for Exam 3 Emotion Different components of emotion physiological responses cognitive motor component etc Transient subjective feelings e g fear elation physiological correlates e g adrenaline heart rate thoughts that accompany feelings e g how to escape or approach desire to take action e g fight or flight ALL at same time Basic emotions and age when they are identifiable early vs late developing how distinguishable are different positive emotions negative emotions etc Smiling 1st month smiling but limited reflexive prenatal 3rd month social smiles encourage care Happiness 2nd month smile when control event 7th month smile more at familiar people Negative emotions in newborns present but can be difficult to differentiate 2nd month expressions for anger sadness distinct from distress pain Stranger anxiety 6 7 months to 2 years reflects strengthening attachment to parents increases over time until about 2 years then fades evolutionarily adaptive Separation anxiety 8 15 months distress from leaving or being left by primary caregiver amount of distress varies by context occurs cross culturally blind children go through same stage but a little later Self conscious emotions develop relatively late require some other cognitive abilities developing a sense of self 1 2 years relate to our sense of self and our consciousness of others reactions to us pride guilt shame embarrassment Pride show it when achieve a goal or complete a task by age 3 amount of pride related to difficulty of task Guilt associated with empathy for others remorse regret wanting to make up for their wrongdoing Shame focus on self rather than concern for others may feel like hiding etc Guilt vs Shame depends on whether parents emphasize wrongness of action vs wrongness of child you did a bad thing vs you are a bad boy Embarrassment by 15 24 months some kids embarrassed when made center of attention coy smile Jealousy 5 month old infants tested think develops relatively late Other Conscious



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