UMass Amherst PSYCH 350 - Study Guide Exam 2 (4 pages)

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Study Guide Exam 2



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Study Guide Exam 2

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Pages:
4
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 350 - Developmental Psychology

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Study Guide for Exam 2 Motor Name and describe examples of reflexes that are present at birth particularly ones mentioned in lecture Shared with adults Blinking coughing sneezing etc Survival reflexes breathing sucking eyeblink rooting swallowing pupillary Primitive reflexes moro tonic neck stepping grasping babinski swimming Know examples supporting the role of culture and experience in the achievement delay of motor milestones Kipsigis rural Kenyan babies sit upright 5 weeks earlier walk 3 weeks earlier Western mothers believe crawling is important but 60 of Mali infants never crawl believe exercise promotes motor development Hopi Infants 12 months swaddled for first year almost no delays Romanian orphans deprived of crawling walking up to 2 years significant but reversible delays Describe the developmental progression of reaching and self locomotion Reaching 0 3 months prereaching movements clumsy swiping movements toward general vicinity of objects 3 months successful but poorly controlled appreciates functional goal easier with legs than arms 7 months along with ability to sit independently reaching becomes stable 10 months shows sign of anticipatory reaching and approach is affected by what they intend to do with the object e g throwing vs stuffing Self locomotion 8 months infants become capable of self locomotion for the first time as they begin to crawl 13 months they begin walking independently Dynamic systems theory and supporting examples Development of complex behaviors should be understood in terms of a complex interaction of physical environmental perceptual factors actions can be influenced by bodily mechanisms e g increases in strength posture control balance perception motivation etc Main conclusion from studies with animals e g baby chicks cats Eye beak coordination in baby chicks effects of pecking with and without prism helmet on Active vs passive experience with kittens only active kitten responded normally avoid the visual cliff blinked in



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