UMass Amherst PSYCH 350 - Study Guide Exam 1 (4 pages)

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Study Guide Exam 1



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Study Guide Exam 1

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Pages:
4
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 350 - Developmental Psychology

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Psych 350 Study Guide Exam 1 Themes and Foundations Understand the major themes in Child Development and be able to provide examples particularly for Nature Nurture how large a role does each one play Not an either or debate fear can be learned nurture innate ability to learn some fears better than others nature emphasis on genetic or environmental influences complex interaction Continuity discontinuity does development happen gradually or in stages Quantitative gradual pine tree growing qualitative stages butterfly growing from caterpillar Sociocultural influence physical house daycare school urban vs rural economic wealth cultural language values traditions The active child individuals play a role in their own development preference to attend to certain things motivated to learn etc Individual differences resilience possible sources genetic treatment by others subjective reactions to other s treatment What was arguably the first developmental study Describe who involved what it was testing for the method etc Ancient Egypt Psammetichus II was in a debate with another king about which people came first was Egyptian the original language They cut out a shepard s tongue so his kids were born never having heard a language first word was not Egyptian bad study but controlled setting as it could be Know Aristotle s Plato Locke and Rousseau s views of childhood Aristotle all knowledge comes from experiences child rearing should adjust to needs of child Plato born with innate knowledge strict discipline self control across the board Locke tabula rasa a blank slate onto which all experiences can be etched emphasized nurture Rousseau innately good noble savage emphasized nature Darwin s contributions Academically interested in own children development Theory of Evolution Biographical Sketch of an Infant was book of own son s development from birth to 5 years old Understand the logic and several examples of controlled rearing studies Aka deprivation studies behavioral studies



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