UMass Amherst PSYCH 350 - All Exam Questions w Answers (16 pages)

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All Exam Questions w Answers



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All Exam Questions w Answers

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Pages:
16
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 350 - Developmental Psychology

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EXAM 1 QUESTIONS 1 Experiences that are unique to each individual within a family are referred to as a Shared genetics b Nonshared genetics c Shared environment d Nonshared environment 2 You go to the gym every day and want to know if the scale you are stepping on is correct To do this you put a 25 pound weight on the scale every day for a week and record the number If the scale read 20 pounds every day your scale has high and low a Validity reliability b Validity validity c Reliability validity d Reliability reliability 3 Dr Soanso views development as a process where quantitative advances are made gradually Dr Hooevher views development as a process where advances are characterized by abrupt qualitative shifts in thinking and behavior a Discontinuous continuous b Continuous discontinuous c Cognitive metacognitive d Metacognitive cognitive 4 Controlled rearing studies are designed to assess how subjects at different ages control or influence certain aspects of their own development a True b False 5 Immediately following conception the fertilized egg is known as the a Blastocyst b Embryo c Gamete d Zygote 6 Teratogens are a Drugs used to treat congenital birth defects b Genetic mutations that lead to disruptions in development c Environmental agents that cause disruptions in development d Chemical substances produced by the placenta to sustain fetal life 7 John Locke s view of the newborn mind as a tabula rasa means that the child is a A noble savage incapable of wrongdoing b A noble savage capable of wrongdoing c A blank slate upon which a genetic program unfolds its plan d A blank slate upon which experiences are etched 8 Crossing over during meiosis refers to a The development of female genitalia by an XY zygote b A process by which two members of a chromosomal pair swap sections of DNA c The random shuffling of the members of the 23 chromosomal pairs in the formation of egg and sperm d Communicating with dead relatives 9 Down Syndrome is an example of which one of the following a A meiotic error b Trisomy 18 c An epigenetic disorder d A recessive allele 10 The relative size of one object vs another is an example of which of the following types of depth cues a Pictorial b Binocular c Kinetic d Dynamic 11 Which of the following types of genes is expressed when an individual is heterozygous for a trait assuming a Mendelian inheritance pattern a Recessive b Dominant c Polygenic d Allele e None of the above 12 Using a naturalistic observation method would be most appropriate for studying which of the following a Toddlers responses to their parents encouraging them to touch dangerous objects b The frequency of bullying behavior among school children c Elementary school children s beliefs about how smart their classmates are d An examination of a single child s feelings about his friendships 13 The process of cell division that forms the gametes and



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