TAMU HIST 106 - hist test 2 (31 pages)

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hist test 2



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hist test 2

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Pages:
31
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Hist 106 - History Of The U S
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10 21 2014 WW2 Womens liberation movement o Expanded when women got more jobs and made more money o Felt independent because of this new pay and jobs o There were many women who were not happy with becoming a house wife again The good war o The greatest generation in US history aka the people who lived during fight during WW2 o The great war o The war had to be fought o The 1950s was a very masculine time period o Male dominated households o Homosexuality considered a social plague o Trying to root out homosexuals in the gov t American century o US was producing a bunch of stuff o Many americans believed the US would be unchallenged o The US economy was just too strong US after the war o Tension between the US and the Soviet Union o Start of the cold war Build up of nuclear arsenal Troops were placed o Ideology This was used in propaganda US a democratic system that was multiparty Free market USSR anti capitalism only one political party state ownership of industry They battled it out across the world 3rd world countries The war was a battle ground for their ideologies If they traded with each country it meant that they preffered them o Relations The US and USSR always had tensions Large amount of distrust Hitler Stalin agreement of non aggression aka the Hitler Stalin Pact Stalin was notoriously paranoid He was very suspicious of the US USSR lost many soldiers died in WW2 o Yalta February 1945 What to do with postwar Germany divide Germany into four different sections aka rebuilding zones Dividing berlin because it was the capital also divided it into four zones Created the united nations to replace the failed league of nations The United nations and the security councilfive permanent members of the security council Also only countries that could veto Declaring war on japan German POW sent to work camps by the USSR to repay for the actions done in the war Free and fair elections Stalin wanted a buffer zone of friendly states between Germany and the USSR Soviets also wanted money to rebuilt US promised 6 billion The borders of Poland would be moved o Next conference took place in a suburb of berlin in Potsdam They met in July All heads of state would be equal They wanted everyone to be equal Stalins room had a secret exit They agreed what borders would divide Germany Borders for the most part were decided on military power WW2 was brutal against civilians Issue of free trade o issue of the Germans people were forced back into Germany the wild explosions germans forced to go back to Germany or either just leave the countries many of them perished many women were raped o Trueman and the atomic bomb He was not very well briefed on the type of weapon he had Stalin had spies in the US and he was upset and scared that the US had this huge weapon So he opened up a front against japan in an attempt to gain more influence USSR and US were never really on the same page US steps Containment o Stalin killed or made disappear many of his political rivals US action o A motion of containment stop the spread of communism o The domino theory largely applied to southeast asia is communism got a hold of one country then the other countries would also wall to communism Truman Doctrine o Greece turkey were under attack from communist gurrilas o Britian ran out of resources trying to help these countries o US would protect any country against communist spread power o Set US as the worlds protector police of the world against communism o This is why the US would become involved in Korea Vietnam Africa and other countries Marshall Plan o Secretary of state of George Marshall Announced it at Harvard graduation Loans and financial aid to rebuild all the countries of eastern Europe Steps were required tho like free trade Stalin said no to these loans forbade other countries to also take these loans The plan sent aid to 16 countries to rebuild including Greece and turkey Germany japan and other European countries started to produce a bunch of stuff Huge output Building zones o Elections were stalled for a while in all zones o 1947 US and Britian merged their zones in Germany and later on merged with the French zones too They excluded the soviet union o They instituted a separate currency aka US did not plan on negotiating with USSR in Germany o This complicated the Soviet Unions actions which led the the Berlin blockade Berlin Blockade o Soviets blocked all the road ways into west berlin Soviets did not like an American controlled sector in that part of the world Trains blocked o They fed people in berlin They flew in coal to keep people warm Rosinenbombers o As they would fly over they would drop candy and raisins and a bunch of other little treats for the german kids o This cemented a love and a faith for the United States and Britain Czechoslovakia o Turned communist o They gave USSR a chance o They forced the democratic president to resign o Stalin had major influence and the US saw it as an aggression US created NATO because of this US formaly established the German democratic republic Then USSR did the same shit The warsaw pact was another treaty organization allianced for the Soviet Union and it s satellite states 1949 China o Communist people won o Taiwan still claims to be the Gov t of china Soviet A bomb o They tested their first atomic bomb o This fueled suspicion that USSR had spies who had information that could build the bomb Rosenberg Trial They were executed for espionage Passing information to the USSR They were spies o o o o 10 21 2014 1949 Soviet Union tested their first atomic bomb China also turned communist Fear about communism 1950 first battle on communism o took place in korea o Soviets were able to push quickly o Korea was slit into northern and southern zones o Two separate countries in Korea o June of 1950 the north announced a surprise attack o He invaded the south They quickly overran the south Defeated much of the Korean south The U S told military council to protect the south o Soviet Union was boycotting the U S security council They sent a UN force to help out the Koreans Able to push north Koreans out of south Korea General Duglus McArther A stale mate in the middle o 1953 an armistice was reached between north and south korea o McArthur pushed for full surrender He invaded a bit of china He also called for the use of atomic weapons He was dismissed for overstepping his bounds and going to far Many of the same soilders from the ww2 fought in korea o Iran was another


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