UA CJ 100 - Juvenile Justice System (3 pages)

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Juvenile Justice System



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Juvenile Justice System

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Lecture number:
26
Pages:
3
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Alabama
Course:
Cj 100 - Intro Criminal Justice
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

CJ 100 MWF 9 9 50 Lecture 26 Outline of Current Lecture II Juvenile Crimes III Theories behind Decrease IV History of US Juvenile System V The Juvenile court period 1899 1960 VI The Juvenile Rights Period 1960 1980 VII The Juvenile Rights Period 1960 1980 VIII The Crime Control Period 1980 2005 IX Kids are Different 2005 present X Classifications of Juveniles Current Lecture The Juvenile Justice System Juvenile Crimes Most Juvenile Crimes are committed by young men only about 30 of the arrestees younger than 18 are female After rising from 1988 through 1994 juveniles arrest started to decrease Theories behind Decrease Environmental factors involving drugs especially crack cocaine Deteriorating social and economical situations recession of 1987 Age demographics History of US Juvenile System Originated in the US during the social reform period of the late 1800s These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Philosophy that the state shared act as a parent in advancing the interest of the child The Juvenile court period 1899 1960 Reformers during this period wanted a separate juvenile court system that could be more flexible than the adult court system Banish entirely all thought of crime and punishment 3 Specific elements 1 A separate court for dependent and neglected children 2 special legal procedures that were less adversarial than those in the adult system 3 Seperation of children from adults in all portions of the Justice System The Juvenile Rights Period 1960 1980 Limited the power of the juvenile justice officials In Re Gault 1967 afforded juveniles many of the same de process rights as adults right to legal counsel to confront and examine accusers notices of chargers etc In Re Winship 1970 the standard of proof beyond reasonable doubt still applies to juvenile delinquency proceedings Status Offenders were taken out of correctional institution ie skipping



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