Mizzou WGST 3570 - Women in the French Revolution (6 pages)

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Women in the French Revolution



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Women in the French Revolution

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Pages:
6
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Wgst 3570 - European Women in the 19th Century
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Women in the French Revolution 09 11 2014 Background 1788 1789 Calling of the Estates General Cahiers de Doleances Toward Revolution Summer and Fall of 1789 Bastile July 1789 March on Versailles October 1789 1789 1792 Constitutional inequities Citizenship Political Clubs Salons Class and Gender distinctions Jacobin Regime The Terror 1793 Closing of political clubs Silencing of women Imprisonment and execution of o Politically active women Women can exercise their political rights Relegation of working women to o Family Conclusion Liberty vs Equality o Nature of women s political activities In the Revolution intersection of class and gender French Revolution is not a true Revolution Political Realization Women should have a say because their sons are fighting in the war Background 1788 1789 09 11 2014 Calling of the Estates General First time they had met French was becoming an absolute monarch o power came from God o do not ask nobles for anything American revolution cost French a fortune and they were in a financial crisis 3 estates o those who fight nobility those who pray clergy those who work from butcher to slave trader 1788 a year in which they wondered how the estates were going to work o moment of real politicization Cahiers de Dol ances Book of complaints Estates wanted to know what everyone s complaints are Emphasized physical equality o All the lords have a specific amount of money and wanted it limited to the second estate Bourgousie wanted equality as citizens Women would collect these o Group of sewers weavers Women relied on political rhetoric to express their desires If our women s lively work isn t protected then they will be prostitutes Wanted free education Classformation relationship to the means of production o This definition of class shaped political demands for women Meeting of the Estate General o Meeting got nothing accomplished Talked about how votes each estate would get Toward Revolution Summer and Fall 1789 09 11 2014 Bastile July 1789 Raiding Bastile o Parisians women and children o Symbolized that revolution was moving into the hands of the people August 4 1789 o Aristocracy gives up privileges and private laws social and legal privileges o Feudalism dies and revolution starts March on Versailles October 1789 October 5th women started congregating to markets o Motivated each other to go talk to the King Give us food and stop the aristocracy and sign the declaration Only let four people in to see the King o King approved of giving them all the bread got it in writing Once King did not give answer they wanted for getting rid of aristocracy people take the bodies of the King and bring him back to Paris o This put things in the control of the people Constitutional assembly was created o Created constitution o 1789 1792 09 11 2014 Liberal Revolution Legislative Rev 1789 1791 1790 Soci t fraternelle de I un et l autre sexe included Etta Palm D aeiders Pauline L on Th roigne de M ricourt Madame Roland Th r sa Cabarr s 1791 Declaration of Rights of Women By Olympe de Gouges During Summer of 1790 women began create clubs Clubs to eliminate monarchy They wanted suffrage Declaration of Rights of Women Olympe de Gouges o Women wanted full rights as citizens o Women should organize nurse maids kindergarden o Women should provide services that took care of children while parents were working and provided food and clothes for the families Working Women Sans Culottes of Paris Workers become marginalized Working poor sans culottes called passing citizens When working women come to politics they want to be recognized as workers 3 Things that occur in 1791 King tries to flee the contry and tries to create aristocracy to squash revolution o King brought back to Paris as a prisoner b c he s a trader Champ De Mars massacre o Workers complained about government not being for them o National guard opened fire on them o Workers realize that this is not their revolution War o War is declared on Austria o War for France sucks o Royal family is attacked 1792 Popular war occurs o France turns to a republic once the king is beheaded Jacobin Regime Sept 1793 July 1794 Coming to power as social and political power Wanted redistribution Attack on Girondin liberal women Women s political clubs closed o Olympe de Gouge imprisoned beheaded o Mericourt flogged Working class women were excluded from political power Bread riots o Women were silenced in political constitution o 09 11 2014 Thermidorian Reaction Summer of 1794 Will not restore aristocracy o King was beheaded o Revolution that gets exported Constitution was restored in 1795 Victory of liberty over equality o Women are connected Aristocracy and women of the salons ran Middle class women came out fairly well o No access to political power but didn t lose it o Gained grounds to argue for political participation Working women lost o Lost right to claim any entrance of political participation As revolution became repressive controlling women is a central part of social control


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