Mizzou WGST 3570 - Women’s Rights Movement (6 pages)

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Women’s Rights Movement



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Women’s Rights Movement

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Pages:
6
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Wgst 3570 - European Women in the 19th Century
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Women s Rights Movement 11 11 2014 Reforms around property marriage and education Power of liberal institute 1950 s marks the beginning of that institute Political Powers anchored in people Opens up constant debate of who gets to have a political voice Discussion challenged nature of male and female Female could not be full rights citizens Private space was linked to public space o Not just angels of house but of nations Men needed to regulate how women moved in public spaces 1960 s onwards ridicules women Inferiority from body to mind Not smart enough to go to college Women wanted state to acknowledge that they were full participants Suffrage movement moved around women s rights Issues all women shared regardless of class Women saw themselves as a class not economically but as a group with similar issues Feminism 11 11 2014 Coined by Auclert Definition qualities of females All people that were concerned of women s issues in all kinds of ways no matter the gender Feminism as an idealogoy was made possible by complimentary spheres Because they were women in relation to men with different qualities and that was the basic foundation to women s rights They needed a political voice in order to insure that equality would be in the nation 19th Century feminism was demonstrated in the two sex model Women could not do men s duties and their position was to strengthen the family 2nd strain of women s rights informers were individualists Women had individual rights just as men personal growth autonomy More radical of feminists but also least effective o Radical means to get at the route of something Demolish gender system Much smaller in number Experience of women to be a great member of society Have to change institution to change women s position Increase the power of women in society and limit the power of men Origin of movement 1850is 11 11 2014 Marriage and marriage contract Caroline Norton Born in 1808 Father died young leaving the family infinancial difficulties 1824 Met George Norton the youngest son of Lord Grantly Caroline initially refused offer but pressured by her mother finally agreed to marry George Marriage a disaster 3 sons born 1831 Met Lord Melbourne Future PM became close friends 1835 George Sued Melbourne for adultery 1836 George lost the case but still refused Caroline access to her children o abused her but then had the children be taken care of by the mistress 1842 one child died Only after his death was she able to see others Since she went back to her husband she was unable to sue on grounds of cruelty and abandonment She begins to write giving the public her side of the story Got access to her children but only gained autonomy and independence after he died in 1875 Marriage Reform GB 1857 Marriage and Divorce Act of 1857 Heart of problem o British Law women would give up legal rights once they were married o Coverture women were covered by husbands o By marriage and legal existence of women is suspended o Middle class women argued that this was the abomination of women s rights Langham Circle outlined all the ways women lost in marriage Idea of husbands protecting their wives was a pipe dream The concept of a contract would be to be able to get out of a contract Kept women independent Most women had been married Men it was a choice to marry but not so much for women Women s leadership allowed these critiques to be heard Getting the Word out 11 11 2014 1850 s 1914 Women s lecture circuits women s political clubs legal reforms divorce GB Divorce Act 1857 France 1873 proposed Sig divorce Property Reform GB 1830 and 1886 Infant custody acts GB 1870 Married Women s property act Fr 1907 Married women s property reform Maria Deraismes look her up Reasons for Divorce Adultery Physical Abuse Mental Abuse Abandonment Questioning a woman s ability to be a mother was a way for her to lose all that she had Women s rights were violated over their lack of power Motivation for proposing married women s property law Shopping Causing men to go into debt but women have no property Education Reforms 11 11 2014 1860 campaigns in Russia Germany 1870 s Great Britain Spain and Southern Europe Nursing and Medicine Access to growing education became a concern for the younger generation Jobs required a background in math accountancy science They were able to work as a secretary telegraph photography accountancy engraving 7 Women of Edenborough Go to Edenborough and attempt to enroll in classes Male classmates come out and throw sheep parts at them Known as the Surgeons Hall Riot Were able to enroll in Cambridge Italy and Greece never closed doors to women they just never let them in In the East met women with rocks Feminists have different agendas and different agendas of equality


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