Mizzou WGST 3570 - Women and Doctors Intro (8 pages)

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Women and Doctors Intro



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Women and Doctors Intro

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Pages:
8
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Wgst 3570 - European Women in the 19th Century
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Women and Doctors Intro 09 09 2014 Medical Visions of Woman 1st time 2 sex model was seen o women were different than men Role of doctors in Society and Culture Professionalization of Medicine Fusion of science and medicine Disease as gender maker Reinforcement of Biological assumptions about gender 09 09 2014 Medical Visions of Woman 1st time two sex model is seen o woman is different from man Role of Doctors in Society and Culture Doctors are mediators Disease as gender marker 1780 s 1840 s realization that some diseases are male and others are females Reinforcement of Biological assumptions about gender Assumptions that women are weaker etc Women s bodies are diseased and pathological o Needed to be contained and taken care of Role of Doctors in Society and Culture 09 09 2014 Professionalization of Medicine Fusion of science and medicine Practice of medicine largely outside of science Cannot really separate them Catholic church provided plenty of medical advice or answer to medical questions o No fact behind it o In order to be a good doctor you just have to convince people that you re extremely good France and Germany o Academies began to claim the right to claim that they were doctors o Women were able to practice medicine Midwives pediatricians child birth prenatal care Believed that women made better doctors because they were closer to nature o Universities moving out of church women still practiced Women were able to get degrees 1700 s 1730 s Stopped in 1740 s but they were allow to teach Anna Morandi Manzolini Made very detailed wax model of human anatomy Taught medical classes Women in Academy Expelled out of academy o Couldn t do anatomy anymore o once France took over Italy were completely expelled out of academy including child birth things Expolsion of women s knowledge o Alternative becomes feminized If you didn t have experiment backing up your claim your claim was pointless Mechanisms for Excluding Women Accreditation o Only real medical knowledge came through real study o Surgeons were doctors More than just cutting Science behind the surgeries o In order to become a doctor they needed several things Degree Take a test Must be scientist o Had to keep reaccreditating doctors Large Public Institutions o Accreditation process needed to occur in large public institutions 1790 1820 state took control of institutions and turned them into hospitals Controls over knowledge by controlling physical space Specialization o Doctor can t be an expert over everything Must specialize in particular areas 1770 s and 1780 s field is too broad to be expert in everything Women were not strong enough for scientific research o Women could practice in obstometry and gynecology Emergence of male midwives o Technology emerged Forseps Men claimed that they could pull children out with that tool Obstemtrics took place of midwives in 1820 s 1823 midwifry defined as vulgar name for obstimtrics Disease as Gender Markers 09 09 2014 Female Diseases Specialization of Gynecology and Obstetrics Female Biology Female Diseases Hysteria Anorexia Anemia Chlorosis Cyphyllis Treated with mercury o Didn t really treat women Female Biology Women s bodies were constantly changing o Always getting sick Female sickness menstrual cycle o Doctors don t understand why it occurs Stemmed belief of menopause and mental illness Menstrual Cycle Drinking alcohol evident in women s cycle Disordered pelvis Women could not seek higher education Excitement of mental strain would make menstrual cycle worse Mental illness was result of weak nervous system Nervous system Able to obtain illness and pain more because they were weaker If they weren t weak they were abnormal o Women who don t feel real pain aren t real women Reading gore affected reproductive systems o Hysteria Hysteria Male vs female hysteria o It s not males didn t have it Just wasn t attributed to nervous system Women more susceptible to hysteria o Unmarried women were more likely to get hysteria Young girls had to be carefully monitored so she wouldn t get hysteria Watched until married because she would get a child and be cured Symptoms Too much energy Too little energy Going to church a lot or barely going to church Depression o Symptoms reading novels eating certain types of food These things made a woman unwomanly so they had surgeries o Hysterectomy clitorectomy leeches on genitalia If these surgeries didn t work they were sent to asylum Hysteria defined a normal woman vs abnormal woman Female Diseases Anorexia Anemia Chlorosis Exaggerations of female ideal look Class Diseases contradicted that of working class women o Women had hard demanding work Diseases were class specific Chlorosis was common Working class women s bodies were less female o Since they worked harder but didn t get the diseases Generate diseases different diseases Body of a prostitute Venereal Diseases Syphilis o AIDS of the time o Hereditary o Did not know the difference between this and gonorrhea o Male doctor proved that syphilis same disease and gonorrhea Injected himself with gonorrhea John Hunter Unit Theory o Women don t have the same symptoms of gonorrhea as men o Men carried the disease but blamed it on the women People thought women would carry it through discharge because she had more stuff Venereal Disease as a woman s disease Not just prostitutes disease o Prostitutes were more likely to get it because they had more sex o Key to women s health was the female reproductive system


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