Mizzou WGST 3570 - The Making of the Public Mother (6 pages)

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The Making of the Public Mother



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The Making of the Public Mother

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Pages:
6
School:
University of Missouri
Course:
Wgst 3570 - European Women in the 19th Century
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The Making of the Public Mother 10 28 2014 Nations and nationalism Making nations Revolutionary period vs post 1850 Referring to women in terms of domesticity keeping them out of politics Taking the private sphere and putting it into the public sphere making it a public space 1860 Gutsepi Matzini explained to people why they were Italian and what it meant to be Italian Nation makes you human Outside nation you are not human As memebers of nation you have the possibility of wealth You have an angel which is woman Angel woman is not for private enjoyment 1st maternal kiss teaches child love First civil association First entrance into the state Victory of liberal state Nations and Nationalism 10 28 2014 Nation state you have the same language and religion Power is located in the people Best form of government Need to justify excluding certain group of people Women are being included as producers Women and children are seen as important members of the nation state Using nationalism connecting people to the nation in a gender and class way Making Citizens What is a citizen What are the qualifications of a citizen During this time period you start to see the representation of the nation as women o Motivation for men to protect it Women are not connected to the nation state by military paying taxes Transform nation into a family Using it as an allegory for the nation Taught how to serve nation in schools through school books Young boys served in the military learning how to get their life for Maryanne In other schools they would learn to pay taxes In women schools not learn of history but learn about Maryanne and learn of sons raised by women Learn to raise great sons Men are told when they are 18 they are to protect their country Compulsory Education 10 28 2014 Britain was last to have compulsory education because of deep liberal state France was the first in 1833 and it was only for boys Wanted to first educate boys 1877 78 women education was not left up to parents but now it is left up to the state 1880 s every child had to go to elementary school Italy Once form marriage they need to form schools Needed to learn Italian o Fragmented by language Did not have an official one Curriculum of schools Mothering of soldiers Textbooks start with warning o If you don t run family well entire nation will crumble Boys are taught that they cannot rebel o Must pay taxes as well Educate the working class but not too much o Cannot let them see how much they are really being oppressed Trying to make the child understand the world it lives in love it in all it s defects Understand the duty and rights Ready to fulfill his role on earth Secondary and High Schools More restricted Exams to get into secondary schools Exams to get into college The people that came from universities were the elites o Until the GI Bill Schools were limited to the upper class Girls curriculum different o In elementary school they learned to be good housewives Learn how to cook hygiene taking care of children how to use water how to make soap Very important for young girls to learn the mother tongue Mother taught the language and if they didn t teach it you would have a mixed language nation If men didn t know the language they couldn t understand the orders Mothers connection to the nation state was as mothers In 1873 capitalism increases the need of the state to move into the private sphere o Need to increase control over consumption and reproduction Private Becomes Public 1870 1880 10 28 2014 1873 Recession increase labor can lower wages keep wages or increase production Lay off people Increase number of products being sold Control cost of resources Control Production Consolidation of Markets and capital Britain said no one could trade with you if they don t trade through Britain We will control prices and we will sell it We will control what gets sold back to other country All profits go back to Britain Rationalization of Labor Doing the lower wages thing Imperial Expansion Consumer Markets Get more people to eat more chocolate drink more tea Department stores had wonderful bathrooms shows Get women to buy more things Reproduction Made Public 10 28 2014 Birth rates were falling Prior to 1945 the atomic weapon was the population o Population equals power o After 1945 the size of the weapons equals powers There used to be 6 children per family now it was 2 3 Reasons for decline Women weren t getting married Middle class were to blame o Middle class women were selfishly refusing to have children Those who didn t have children were unpatriotic It was true Women were choosing not to have children The o The recession contributed to this Women started to have miscarriages o Some were self induced Women on their third or fourth child suffered complications due to self abortions Lead poisonings were very common Contraceptions o Pull out method and rubber specific for catching sperm Men are having difficulties because they are losing their power o Children belonged to the state Expansion brought in non white Europeans Discovered that the men were unfit to serve the nation o Blamed on the mother Citizen mother took on role as wife mother Raising children is a political concern The mother act Trying to create a relationship between mother and nation state


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