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FSU SPA 2001 - Communication Disorders Test 6

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Communication*Disorders*Test*6!Quizlet(for(extra(practice((http://quizlet.com/40843998/comm;disorders;chapter;14;test;6;flash;cards/(Statistics''(10%(of(US(Population(has(a(hearing(loss(3(in(1,000(births(results(in(child(w ith(hearing(loss(Hearing(loss(is(most(common(birth(defect(1(in(1,000(births(lead(to(a(child(who(is(deaf(83(in(1000(children(in(US(has(educationally(significant(hearing(loss(;Educationally(significant(hearing(loss=(auditory(signal(is(diminished(but(is(not(completely(lost((( *Different(school(districts(define(this(differently((95%(of(babies(are(screened(within(1(month((Deaf=(no(hearing(signal((Hearing'Loss'through'the'lifespan'(Psychosocial(aspects=(What(are(the(psychological(implications(of(not(having(an(auditory(signal?((Audiologist(help(raise(parent(aw areness(on(how(to(interact(with(their(child(with(hearing(loss(because(95%(of(children(with(hearing(loss(are(born(to(hearing(parents((Kubler'Ross+Grief+Cycle:(sometimes(they(happen(in(this(order(sometimes(not(Shock(Denial(Anger(Depression(Acceptance(((((ICD(10)(International(classification(of(disea ses(;Helps(us(to(figure(out(how(to(asses(and(treat(ppl(with(medical(issues((( ( 1.(Impairment:(loss(of(structure(or(function ((2.(Disability:(what(are(the(functional(consequences(of(not(having(normal(hearing,(how+does+hearing+loss+limit+the+ty p es+o f+activ at es+th ey +can +participate+in+(3.(Handicap:(psychosocial(consequences,(how(is(society(going(to(view(the(person(that(has(the(hearing(loss,(how(do(p eop le(res po nd (to(p eo ple(w h o(h av e(a(hearing(loss((ALL(people(with(hearing(loss(have(im pairment,(most(experience(some(disability,(not(everyone(experiences(handicap(((Individuals(wh o(are (dea f(often(sha re(a(co m m on (con dition (but(the(way(they(deal(with(that(condition(varies(based(on(if(their(parents(are(deaf(or(not(((Deaf(Community:(Group(who(views(deafness(with(a(sense(of(pride(and(belonging((Deaf=(means(one(is(part(of(Deaf(Culture((deaf=(condition(of(not(being(able(to(hear(((American(Sign(Language((ASL):(Language(of(the(deaf(( ( ( *Fosters(cohesion(and(identity(((Schools(for(the(D eaf(allow(for(interactions(using(ASL(((People(that(are(deaf(often(marry(other(people(who(are(deaf,(and(desire(children(who(are(deaf(((Communication(with(nonsigning(people(can(be(inhibited(and(very(challenging,(audiologist(address(negative(perceptions(((Some(deaf(people(view(speech;language(pa th olo gy (and (audiology(negatively(as(trying(to(get(rid(of(their(culture(by(using(hearing(aids(etc.(Audiology'(Audiology:(prevention(and(asses sm e n t(o f(a u dit o ry,(v es tib ul a r,(and(related(impairments,(as(well(as(habilitation(and(rehabilitation(and(main tenan ce(*Deal(with(Hearing(issues(and(balance(issues(*Determine(what(kind(of(treatment(and(maintenance(of(equipment(is(needed(*Can(work(is(nursing (h o m e s,(sc h oo ls ,(do c to rs((( *Provide(counseling(*Prescribe(and(Fit+amplification((technology(such(as(hearing(aids,(cochlear(implants,(that(improve(access(to(sounds(electronically)((Fundamentals'of'Sound'(How(does(sound(get(transmitted?((( 1.(Must(be(an(energy(source(and(a(receptor((2.(Sound(is(transmitted(in(a(series(of(compressions(and(rarefactions(that(mo ve(outw ard (from (a(vibrating (source,(there(are(molecules(that(are (created (from(p rodu ction(of(sound(that(bounce(aroun d(and(create(vibra tory(cycles(that(become(soun d(w aves(th at(are(transmitted(to(the(ear(through(air.((Measure(sound(waves(in(amplitude(and(frequency((Amplitude:(distance(a(vibrating(object(travels(which(determines(((Intensity:(loudness((Decibels(lev els((dB ):(measures(intensity(((Frequency:(Cycles(per(second(measured(in(hertz((Hz)(( ( Related(to(pitch,(how(high(or(low(a(sound(will(be((( ( Each+consonant+has+a+specific+frequency++(Air(conduction:(sound(is(transmitted(via(the(air((Audibility'VS'Intelligibility''(Audibility:(the(ability(to(detect(the(presence(of(a(sound((Intelligibility:(recognize(and (und ersta nd (w hat(is(he ard((**Hearing(loss(affects(both(audibility(and(intelligibility(((Outer(Ear(( Pinna:(enhances(sound,(aids(localization(Localization:(determining(where(a(sound(originates(in(space(External+auditory+Meatus:(elliptical(tube(lined(with(skin,(extends(from(concha(to(tympanic(membrane,(glands(that(produce(cerumen(are(here,(serves(as(resonator(for(so u nd (+ Concha:(bowl(like(depression(associated(with(pinna(Tympanic+Membrane:+eardrum(marks(the(end(of(the(external(auditory(meatus,(boundary(between(outer(and(middle(ear(+ Cerumen:(ear(wax((Middle(Ear(Tympanic+membrane+(known+as+eardrum):+vibrates(in(response(to(sound,(3(layers,(h ig h ly (e l as t ic ,(u s u a ll y (g ra y (in(color(Middle+ear+space+(tympanic+cavity):(air(filled,(lined(with(mucous(membranes,(housed(in(temporal(bone(Eustachian+tube:(connects(middle(ear(with(nasopharynx((this(tube(is(usually(closed,(but(it(opens(period ically(in(order(for(air(to(get(to(middle(ear(and(equalize(air(pressure(for(eardrum)(Nasopharynx:+space(located(behin d(th e(nos e(an d(above(the(roof(of(the(mouth(Ossicles:+in(ossicul a r(ch a in (which(is(3(b on e s(th e (m a l leu s ((largest)(the(incus(and(stapes—these(allow(ear(dru m (to(move(back(and(forth(so(the(fluid(can(go(down(to(inner(ear((Footplate(of(stapes(rests(on(oval(window(Oval(Window:(thin(mem b rane (that(m ark s(the(beginning(of(inner(ear(Stapedius+Muscle:+attached(to(the(neck(of(the(stapes(is(the(tendon(of(this(muscle,(intense(sounds(cause(this(muscle(to(contract((+Inner(Ear(Have(two(main(roles:(1)(provide(aud itory(input(to(central(auditory(system(2)(vestibular(system:(supply(information(regarding(balance(and (spatial(orienta tion((+ Cochlea+;Provides(auditory(input(to(the(central(auditory(system(+ + 'Pea(sized(coiled(structure(( ( ;Two(Concentric(labyrinths((( ( ( Outer:(bony,(filled(with(perilymph+( ( ( Inner:(Memb rano us ,(filled(with(en dolymph('Organ+of+Corti:+runs(along(th e(cente r(of(the(membranous(labyrinth(Tectorial+Membrane:+forms(the(roof(of(t he (organ(of(corti—fixed(on(one (en d (an d (th e(o th er (end(is(free(to(move(Basilar+M embrane:+forms(th e(base(of(the (organ(or(corti—narrow(and(thinner(at(the(base(and(thicker(at(the(apex(which(allows(it(to(respond(differently(to(sound s(that(vary(in(frequenc y.(T h e (p o r ti o n (t h a t(i s(c lo s e st (t o (th e (stapes(responds(best(to(higher(frequency(sounds,(the(portion(nearest(to(cochlea(responds(best(to(lower(frequ enc y(soun ds+It(is+Tonotopically+organized:+certain(areas(within(a(structure(are(spatially(arranged(to(respond(to(different(frequenc ies(++ +


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