Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide

Exam 1 Study Guide: includes a summary of every lecture and key terms from chapters 1, 2, and 12

Study Guide
University Of Connecticut
Psyc 1103 - General Psychology II (Enhanced)

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PSYCH 1103 1st Edition Exam # 1 Study Guide Lectures: 1 – 8 Lecture 1 (January 22nd) Introduction to Psychology What is psychology? Is psychology a science? What other aspects are included in the definition? -Scientific study of behavior and mind - Behavior: any overtly observable action at any level of abstraction  Examples: walking, anxiety symptoms, IQ score, speech -Mind: any covert, unobservable phenomenon that relates the organism to the environment  Examples: memory, perception, reasoning, fear What are the subfields of psychology? -Clinical -Developmental -Social -Physiological -Quantitative -Cognitive -Industrial/Organizational -Educational/School -Personality -Animal -Evolutionary -Community -Health Introduction to History and methods Who were the well-known psychologists and what ideas did they contribute to psychology? -Wilhelm Wundt  Founded the first scientific laboratory -Experimental psychology  Studied perception and mental processes -Studied conscious experience and how to decompose that experience into basic parts -Structuralism Additive decomposition -Wertheimer and Kohler  Gestaltists  Argued against idea that experience could be decomposed  No pieces, just whole experiences -Sigmund Freud  Psychoanalysis -Unconscious influences on behavior Lecture 2 (January 29th) History and Methods (cont.) -William James  Functionalism -Focus on processes rather than structure -John Watson and B.F. Skinner  Behaviorism -Behavior-reward What types of research methods are there and what do they include? -Experiments  Causality  Manipulate IV  DV = outcome  Control groups  Random assignment -Correlational Studies  Establish relationships  Measure at least 2 DV’s -Observational Studies  Measure more than one DV  Exploratory  No controls What types of experimental issues were there? -External validity Degree to which a phenomenon applies to the real world  Generalizability -Internal Validity Degree to which you made that logic happen  Causal relation between 2 variables  Confounds Lecture 3 (February 3rd) What is the difference between a population and a sample? What does sampling include? What is the difference between random sampling and random assignment? -Population = group under study -Sample = individuals who actually participate in your study  Samples comes from that population -Random Sampling  Population is sorted into groups and members are picked randomly -Random assignment  How those people are going to get distributed -Who gets the treatment and who gets the control? What types of research tools are there? -Low tech  Surveys  Observation Text analysis -High tech  fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging)  NIRS (Near InfraRed Spectroscopy) -Measure brain activity  Motion capture  Eye capture Introduction to Developmental Psychology What is developmental psychology? What does early development include? -Definition = study of changes in behavior and mental processes over the life course -Early development Prenatal

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