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UConn PSYC 1103 - Developmental Psychology

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PSYCH 1103 1st Edition Lecture 4 Outline of Last Lecture I. Samplinga. Who should be in your study?b. Random samplingc. Other sampling strategiesII. Research toolsa. Low techb. High techIII. Developmental psychology a. Definitionb. Early development Outline of Current LectureI. Teratogensa. Leadb. Cigarette smokec. Alcohold. Pharmaceuticals e. PCB’sf. Insecticides II. Neonatal reflexes a. Breathingb. Suckingc. Rootingd. Moroe. Grasping f. Lack of reflexesg. Disappearance of reflexes III. Early social interaction IV. Attachment a. Harry Harlowb. Konrad Lorenzc. Human attachment Current LectureI. Teratogens a. Leadi. Good stabilizerii. Was used in gasoline, paintsiii. Big exposures to it will kill you iv. Small exposures to it can dampen down you intellectuallyb. Cigarette smoke i. Smoking during pregnancy increases risk of losing pregnancy ii. Can cause problems across the placenta iii. Will make kids physically smaller c. Alcohol i. Can cause facial deformity 1. Large eyes (almond shapes)2. Lips aren’t fully develop3. Smushed noseii. Cognitive deficit d. Pharmaceuticals e. PCB’s (polychlorinated biphenyls)i. Initially used to stabilize thingsii. Toxic f. InsecticidesII. Neonatal reflexes a. Needed for survival b. Breathingi. Doesn’t go away ii. Isn’t always seenc. Sucking i. Needs to be coordinated with a lot of other things in order to work d. Rootingi. Touching around the mouth causing baby to move their mouth towards it looking for food and getting ready to suck e. Moroi. Give baby feeling of sudden loss of support, baby will throw their arms out and spread their legs looking for something to grab onto f. Graspingi. Baby being able to support themselves as someone else is pulling them upg. Lack of reflexes may indicate neurological problems i. Standard neonatal tests include assessment of reflexesh. Many reflexes disappear over first few monthsi. Persistence may indicate neurological problems III. Early social interaction a. Evidence for imitation i. Newborns will show a small set of imitative behaviors ii. Older children show much more sophisticated imitation 1. 2 or 3 months old IV. Attachmenta. Mother-infant bi-directional bondi. Important for humans, many other species b. Why do infants become attached?i. Mother as a source of food ii. Satisfaction leads to emotional attachment c. Harry Harlowi. 2 monkeys1. One had a wire mom2. One had a cloth mom 3. Monkeys preferred cloth mom regardless if they got food from wire mom4. Wire mom wasn’t enough to make a bond with monkey5. Monkeys always got comfort from cloth mom a. contact comfort b. softness and warmth of cloth d. Konrad Lorenz i. Instinctive behaviors facilitate attachment 1. Proximity-seeking 2. Following somebody around ii. Goslings will follow the first moving object they see e. Human attachment i. Strange situation 1. Mother and infant in lab room 2. Stranger enters, greets mother 3. Stranger leaves 4. Mother leaves 5. Separation protest?a. Shows whether child is attached to mom or not6. Mother returns 7. Mother-child reunion 8. Quality of child’s reuniona. Shows quality of attachment b. Secure vs. insecure attachment i. Secure attachment 1. Happy to see mom is back but is fine with them ii. Insecure attachment 1. Layer of resentment and


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