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TnTech HIST 2020 - The Social Impact of Industrialization

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HIST 2020 1st Edition Lecture 5Outline of Last Lecture I. Settling the Frontiera. Boom Townsb. Transcontinental Railroadc. Settlementd. Life on the Frontiere. Cattle Drives and Cowboysf. Preservation movementOutline of Current Lecture I. BackgroundII. The Impact of Unchecked Industrializationa. New Products and Greater Accessb. Rise of Monopoliesc. Pollutiond. LaborCurrent LectureI. Background: The government is not involved with the industries or the economy.II. The Impact of Unchecked Industrialization: Advances are helping with labor, transportation, and many other things. Industrialization is making a positive impact on many.A. New Products and Greater Access: New advances were helping labor and everyday life tremendously.B. Rise of Monopolies: It was hard to compete with huge companies, so people were very annoyed with monopolies if they wanted to start a business. They want the government to act on this.1. Interstate Commerce Act (1887) was passed in order to help deal with the railroad companies that are throwing their weight around.-Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) kept a close watch on railroad companies and keep track of theirlogs making sure they were not charging people different rates or participating in pools. The ICC was not near as powerful as it is today. All they could do if they found something illegal was go to court and get the judge to rule that "they can't do that anymore." It also could not set rates, which is really what the farmers wanted. The farmers wanted the ICC to set prices, but it was not done. Everytime the ICC did something, the railroad companies would file suits against them. Out of the 16 times this happened, 15 These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.times the court ruled with the railroad companies against the ICC. This is a good start, but it is not really working.2. In 1890, Sherman Anti-Trust Act was passed. The railroad companies couldn't have pools, so they decided to just have trusts which is almost the same thing. This act said trusts were outlawed and any other combinations of business that restrain trade. Our leaders and members of congress were very pro business so they would almost always rule on businesses side. These measures are weak at this point, but they are on the book and can be enacted later on more strict terms.C. Pollution: These industries are creating a great deal of pollution. There are no laws at this time of whatcan be released into the atmosphere, the rivers, or water. A lot of contamination was happening. This is becoming a problem.D. Labor: There are millions of foreign people coming into the country. They are poor and uneducated, sothey would work for low wage, which make wages for Americans low since foreigners could easily replace them.1. Demand for unskilled labor causes immigration; disappearance of workshop2. Immigrant labor was very popular which was drawing other immigrants in. Many workers lived in company houses. So if you lose your low paying job, you are also losing the place where your family stays. The old immigrants tried to be American, but these new immigrants coming in did not make an attempt at all. Americans did not like these new immigrants and are disturbed. They also don't like that the new immigrants are bringing down American by coming with no education or wealth so they were in a sense making America look bad and declining our country's value.3. Working conditions were very harsh. There was no relaxation or minimum work hours. Workstations were very cramped. If there were to be a fire, it would have been very difficult to get out. 25,000 fatalities and 700,000 injuries in the workplace in one year alone in factories. If you complained, you were replaced.-Triangle Shirt Fire (1911): In NYC, there was a factory of 146 women who sewed. It was on the 8, 9, and 10th floors of a building. A fire broke out and there was no way to escape. People were jumping to their depths. The exit doors opened in. Some of the employees had been stealing so there were chains on some of the doors. There were no sprinklers and


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