GSU NEUR 3000 - NEUR 3000 - Chapter 24 (50 pages)

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NEUR 3000 - Chapter 24



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NEUR 3000 - Chapter 24

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Pages:
50
School:
Georgia State University
Course:
Neur 3000 - Hon Principles of Neuroscience

Unformatted text preview:

MEMORY SYSTEMS NEUR 3000 Dr Joseph J Normandin LEARNING MEMORY Learning is a lifelong adaptation to an organism s environment through acquisition of new information or knowledge Memory is the retention of learned information Experience shapes memories Memories range from stated facts to ingrained motor patterns Several brain regions are involved in learning and memory TYPES OF MEMORY AND LACK THEREOF Declarative memory The facts that we know and can communicate to each other What you had for breakfast What color the sky is The slowly setting sun as a backdrop for your first kiss Your awesome neuroscience lecturer Yeah Remember him What a weirdo Easily learned but easily forgotten No idea what I had for breakfast Um no don t remember that lecturer dude I was texting lolz TYPES OF MEMORY AND LACK THEREOF Nondeclarative memory Procedural memory Memories for skills and behaviors You never forget how to ride a bike Learned fear You get stung by a wasp when you are little at the beach and it scares you You are forever afraid of buzzing insects These memories are not easily forgotten TYPES OF MEMORY AND LACK THEREOF TYPES OF MEMORY AND LACK THEREOF Short and long term memory Short term memories last on the order of seconds to hours You may remember what you ate for dinner last night but a week from now you probably will not Long term memories may last a lifetime Not all memories become long term memories Because some short term memories become longterm memories one hypothesis of memory formation is that it is a serial process A competing hypothesis is that these processes happen in parallel TYPES OF MEMORY AND LACK THEREOF TYPES OF MEMORY AND LACK THEREOF Working memory Working memory is a temporary storage of information that is limited in capacity We keep such memories in our head as we are doing different tasks and then quickly forget them A memory that you are rehearsing in your mind is a working memory If rehearsed enough the memory can be consolidated into a longterm



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