UNT SOCI 4250 - Ch_6_Love_Dating_class (29 pages)

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Ch_6_Love_Dating_class



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Ch_6_Love_Dating_class

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Pages:
29
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Soci 4250 - Gender and Society
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Questioning Gender A Sociological Exploration 2e by Robyn Ryle 2015 SAGE Publications HOW DOES GENDER IMPACT THE PEOPLE YOU SPEND YOUR TIME WITH Chapter Six The Gender of Friendship and Dating This chapter examines significant relationships outside of the nuclear family Networks of friends and kin often overlap Kin refers to the people to whom an individual is related either by actual blood or through symbolic ties Some societies hold friends as the highest form of love Friendships have two unique features Choice and obligation Questioning Gender A Sociological Exploration 2e by Robyn Ryle 2015 SAGE Publications The Trouble with Friendship Sociological research has not focused on friendships Mis understanding of friendships as purely a personal choice Difficulty in defining who are friends However the people we call friends and our types of friendships are often constrained by social structures gender class race Questioning Gender A Sociological Exploration 2e by Robyn Ryle 2015 SAGE Publications Defining friendship It is characterized as voluntary and altruistic It involves sentiment and sociability A common definition of friendship in sociological literature is a voluntary informal and personal relationship Allan 1990 p 17 Many friendships may form in formal settings such as the workplace and some friendships exist only within the context of those settings It can be a relationship between status equals two people who are on roughly the same social level Questioning Gender A Sociological Exploration 2e by Robyn Ryle 2015 SAGE Publications Gender and Friendships Who s better at friendship women or men Feminization of friendship Anglo European societies emphasize intimacy trust caring and nurturing all associated with femininity Historically the hierarchy was reversed and male friendships were seen as the model Characteristics were bravery loyalty duty Questioning Gender A Sociological Exploration 2e by Robyn Ryle 2015 SAGE heroism Publications Gender Differences in Friendship There are similarities in what both men and women desire from friends intimacy acceptance trust help The difference lies in the type of friendship Women s friendships tend to be Intimate confidante with whom to share feelings Men s are more Someone with whom to share activities and interests The differences between self disclosure in friendship Men are less likely to disclose intimate information about themselves to their friends than are women Gender Differences in Friendship The differences between self disclosure in friendship Men are less likely to disclose intimate information about themselves to their friends Men are not as good at verbal intimacy however their intimacy involves nonverbal cues and expressions Women are more uncomfortable when their friendships lack intimate self disclosure women are more comfortable with physical affection with their friends and feel they are better able to understand their friends through nonverbal communication Questioning Gender A Sociological Exploration 2e by Robyn Ryle 2015 SAGE Publications Theoretical Perspective on Friendship Differences Socialization is the primary explanation used to explain differences between men s and women s friendships Lillian Rubin psychoanalytic theorist Women s first relationship is with a woman mother whose behavior girls can emulate Men are expected to separate from their mother create stronger ego boundaries in men Hegemonic masculinity sets a certain bar that men must meet to prove their masculinity Defines masculinity as competitive and rational Rubin s work found that men commonly associated male friendship with homosexuality Theoretical Perspective on Friendship Differences Social network theory Men and women develop different types of friendships because of the social structure of their lives Gender is a key structural influence on the number quality and significance of friendships Questioning Gender A Sociological Exploration 2e by Robyn Ryle 2015 SAGE Publications Constraints on Friendship Geography work race class and gender all dictate with whom we can become friends Social segregation is the separation of a realm of social life into different groups on the basis of a given category Residential segregation is dictated by where one lives especially by race and class Segregation in work shows that men have more access to networks women tend to have smaller networks Questioning Gender A Sociological Exploration 2e by Robyn Ryle 2015 SAGE Publications Gender Similarities in Friendship Social network theory of gender claims that gender is a residual effect of the network in which a person is embedded Women s friendships are determined by whether they work and their socioeconomic class not just their gender Single men tend to be more involved with their male friends than are married men Married men disclose less to their friends than their single counterparts When researching longer lasting friendships differences between men and women disappear The differences we see in research may be affected by methods used self reports of research subjects Gender and Friendship Research by Karen Walker Results Examines ongoing construction of gender and friendship in everyday life Tries to understand cultural expectations of friendship 25 of women in her study reported not sharing information with their friends Walker concludes that social class needs to be taken into account when examining gender differences in friendship Friendship in a Global Perspective Anglo European society has a voluntary nature to friendship that is not necessarily found in other cultures In Cameroon children are given both a friend and a wife upon their birth Sometimes friends become fictive kin The idea of choosing one s friends is therefore not a cultural universal Fictive kin are symbolic family members The question is where do we draw the line between friendship and other types of relationships that involve love and affection Questioning Gender A Sociological Exploration 2e by Robyn Ryle 2015 SAGE These lines vary from one cultural context to the Publications next Gay Men and Friendship Research suggests that figuring out boundaries between friend partner and lover may not be as big as a problem within gay communities in the ways they are in cross gender communities Michel Foucault said the disappearance of friendship as a social institution and the declaration of homosexuality as a social political medical problem are the same process Gay men can subvert


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