UNT SOCI 4250 - Chapter 9 Vocabulary (2 pages)

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Chapter 9 Vocabulary



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Chapter 9 Vocabulary

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Pages:
2
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Soci 4250 - Gender and Society
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Chapter 9 Vocabulary How Does Gender Affect the Type of Work We Do 1 Formal paid labor an hourly wage or salary or some kind of paycheck from which taxes were taken meaning the income was reported to the government 2 Informal labor there is no legal contract for the work not necessarily a set hourly wage or salary none of the income is reported to the government by the employer or employee 3 Own account workers those who are self employed with no employees working for them 4 Contributing family workers a kind of own account worker who works without pay in an establishment operated by a related person living in the same household 5 Vulnerable employment the sum of own account workers contributing family workers less likely to have formal work arrangements are therefore more likely to lack decent working conditions adequate social security voice through effective representation by trade unions similar organizations 6 Compensatory masculinity lower class husbands follow this an exaggerated form of masculinity involving drugs alcohol sexual carousing that is used to demonstrate defiance independence from both the control of their wives the establishment higher status men 7 Egalitarian masculinity higher class men do not engage in the same compensatory masculinity that lower class men engage in therefore are able to express their masculinity as more civilized refined closer to a situation of gender equity 8 Oppositional culture a coherent set of values beliefs practices which mitigates the effects of oppression reaffirms that which is distinct from the majority culture 9 Glass escalator the invisible pressure that men in these occupations face to move upward in their professions 10 Glass ceiling refers to the fact that despite the progress women have made into many managerial positions in the business world they are still far less likely than men to have jobs that involve exercising authority over people resources 11 Sex segregation refers to the concentration of women men into different jobs occupations firms 12 Occupational sex segregation refers to the concentration of women men in different occupations 13 Job level sex segregation focuses on the specific positions that workers hold within specific establishments 14 Putting out industry rather than workers traveling to one central building the factory where everyone assembled hosiery the raw materials needed to assemble hosiery were distributed to individual households where individuals assembled them on their own schedules within their own homes 15 Piece meal work or cottage industry putting out industry method of production 16 Protective labor legislation argued that women could not work too many hours in factories or do certain kinds of labor because of the detrimental effects on women s health their ability to perform their crucial household duties as wife mother 17 Ghettoization happens when lower paid women s jobs are separated from the better paid men s jobs within an occupation job or firm through the use of informal gender typing 18 Resegregation happens in the workplace when an entire occupation transitions from one gender to another usually from a predominantly male to a predominantly female occupation 19 Maquiladoras located in Mexico assembly plans largely owned by American other foreign companies that are located along the Mexico U S border in order to take advantage of the supply of cheap labor across the border 85 to 90 of the workers are women 20 Gender wage gap regardless of whether women are working in completely different occupations or doing different kinds of jobs within the same occupation women are paid less than their male counterparts 21 Socialization theory the lifelong process of inheriting disseminating norms customs ideologies providing an individual with the skills habits necessary for participating within his or her own society 22 Human capital theory influenced by economic thought in its emphasis on an individual s choice of occupation as resulting from her or his attempt to maximize the benefits reduce the costs involved in any particular job 23 Human capital refers to the skills workers may acquire through education job training job tenure that affect their ability to be productive in their job 24 Gendered organizations argues that organizations like businesses are gendered in fundamental ways organizational routines jobs behavioral assumptions are gendered employers employees operate within a context that is fundamentally gendered 25 Family wage the sum necessary to sustain all family members 26 Internal labor markets describes the ways in which larger firms frequently provide structured opportunities for advancement to those who are currently employed within the firm 27 Patriarchal dividend the advantages men in general gain from the subordination of women 28 Comparable worth as a policy seeks to raise the wages of the low paying jobs occupied predominantly by women by demonstrating the gendered ways in which jobs are socially constructed 29 Job evaluation determining how pay is assigned to jobs also evaluating those pay rates as fair or unfair 30 Queuing theory focuses on the importance of rank ordering on the part of both workers employees in term of what are desirable jobs who are desirable workers in ways that take into account race gender therefore have implications for sex racial segregation in the workplace 31 Labor queue made up of all the available works who might potentially fill a job employers form a labor queue that ranks the most desirable workers they would like to fill a particular job so a labor queue takes into account the perspective of employers 32 Job queues the set of jobs available to workers they involve potential workers creating a rank ordering of the most desirable possible jobs these rank orderings of jobs are developed from the perspective of potential workers 33 Gender queue in example male workers are generally seen as superior to female workers


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