UNT SOCI 4250 - Chapter 8 Vocabulary (2 pages)

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Chapter 8 Vocabulary



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Chapter 8 Vocabulary

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Pages:
2
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Soci 4250 - Gender and Society
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Chapter 8 Vocabulary How Does Gender Impact the People We Live Our Lives With 1 Marriage gradient a pattern in which women tend to marry up while men marry down in mate selection meaning that women usually marry men who are older richer generally of higher status 2 Protection theory of marriage marriage is an institution that allows for protection of worth 3 Nuclear family a family grouping that consists of a mother father their children 4 Exploitation theory of marriage says that marriage is an institution that primarily involves the exploitation of women in a system of exchange 5 Cooperation theory of marriage says that marriage survived thrived across many different societies not because it was about protection or exploitation but rather because it was about cooperation circulation 6 Love marriage the idea of marriage marrying for love not for protection cooperation or exploitation 7 Social institution something that gives us a set of clear cut rules about how to go about accomplishing something in society 8 Polygamy marriage between one man several women 9 Polyandry a marriage that involves one woman multiple men 10 Demographics a way to describe the basic population characteristics of a group including the age distribution the sex ratio how long people live the composition of different racial ethnic groups 11 Sex ratio expressed as the number of males to females in a given society 12 Marriage squeeze too few women or too few men produces this a shortage of one sex of the other in the age group in which marriage generally occurs 13 Endogamy the tendency sometimes enforced by norms or rules to marry only others within the same social group 14 Diaspora refers to the worldwide scattering of a nationality or ethnic group 15 Double marriage squeeze in example in Vietnam there are more women relative to men due to the high male mortality rate during the Vietnam war the high numbers of Vietnamese men who migrated after the war 16 Transnational marriages in example women in Vietnam looking for husbands the men in the United States Canada searching for wives 17 Remittances the money income that immigrants send back to their families in their country of origin 18 Sexual division of labor simple a sense that certain tasks are more appropriate to one gender or the other 19 Subsistence agriculture farming that s done to feed one s self or one s family rather than to produce goods to sell to someone else to consume 20 Modern marriage an institution freely chosen on the basis of love compatibility composed of a sole male breadwinner plus economically dependent wife children 21 Doctrine of separate spheres a man s duty to take care of his family by being a breadwinner protector while a woman s duty is to be a good wife mother 22 Public sphere the world of market relations productive behavior a world that is labeled as distinctly masculine with the separation of spheres 23 Private sphere anything that s not public it is primarily the home family life becomes defined as the place where women belong 24 Othermothers women who may or may not be biologically related to children but play a crucial role in assisting bloodmothers with the task of caring for raising children grandmothers sisters aunts or cousins 25 Transnational motherhood in example Mexican Latin American women now leave their children at home in their countries of origin in order to take jobs in the United States 26 Good provider role dictates that a man s primary obligation to his family is to work so as to meet his family s material needs 27 Be a Big Wheel emphasized the way in which masculinity is measured by power success wealth status 28 Genteel Patriarch represented by men like Jefferson Washington doted on his family spent much of his time in their company or supervising his estate 29 Heroic Artisan men like Paul Revere yeoman farmers embodied physical strength but also dedication to their country the budding ideals of democracy 30 Marketplace Manhood men derived their identity from their success in the capitalist economy in accumulating wealth power status has to constantly prove his masculinity in the winnertake all world of the marketplace 31 Household division of labor the way in which the tasks necessary to the care running of a household are distributed 32 Second shif the extra burden of childcare housework added on for women who also do paid work outside of the home 33 Dual earner couples couples where both spouses are working 34 Quarter shifs smaller portions to be distributed more equally among household members 35 Reduction of needs in this strategy one partner who is unwilling or unable to maintain the home according to certain standards simply lower household expectations by denying that work needs to be done 36 Families of choice the idea of individuals forming new family relationships of their own choosing with people not necessarily related to them by blood 37 Postmodern family a changing unsettled re combination of different family forms acknowledges the difficulty in figuring out exactly what makes a family precisely because the form that real families take is always changing


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