UNT SOCI 4250 - Chapter 8 Vocabulary (2 pages)

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Chapter 8 Vocabulary



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Chapter 8 Vocabulary

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Pages:
2
School:
University of North Texas
Course:
Soci 4250 - Gender and Society

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Chapter 8 Vocabulary How Does Gender Impact the People We Live Our Lives With 1 Marriage gradient a pattern in which women tend to marry up while men marry down in mate selection meaning that women usually marry men who are older richer generally of higher status 2 Protection theory of marriage marriage is an institution that allows for protection of worth 3 Nuclear family a family grouping that consists of a mother father their children 4 Exploitation theory of marriage says that marriage is an institution that primarily involves the exploitation of women in a system of exchange 5 Cooperation theory of marriage says that marriage survived thrived across many different societies not because it was about protection or exploitation but rather because it was about cooperation circulation 6 Love marriage the idea of marriage marrying for love not for protection cooperation or exploitation 7 Social institution something that gives us a set of clear cut rules about how to go about accomplishing something in society 8 Polygamy marriage between one man several women 9 Polyandry a marriage that involves one woman multiple men 10 Demographics a way to describe the basic population characteristics of a group including the age distribution the sex ratio how long people live the composition of different racial ethnic groups 11 Sex ratio expressed as the number of males to females in a given society 12 Marriage squeeze too few women or too few men produces this a shortage of one sex of the other in the age group in which marriage generally occurs 13 Endogamy the tendency sometimes enforced by norms or rules to marry only others within the same social group 14 Diaspora refers to the worldwide scattering of a nationality or ethnic group 15 Double marriage squeeze in example in Vietnam there are more women relative to men due to the high male mortality rate during the Vietnam war the high numbers of Vietnamese men who migrated after the war 16 Transnational marriages in example



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