Berkeley ENE,RES C200 - Location Efficiency as the Missing Piece of The Energy Puzzle (12 pages)

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Location Efficiency as the Missing Piece of The Energy Puzzle



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Location Efficiency as the Missing Piece of The Energy Puzzle

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
12
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
Ene,Res C200 - Energy and Society
Energy and Society Documents

Unformatted text preview:

Location Efficiency as the Missing Piece of The Energy Puzzle How Smart Growth Can Unlock Trillion Dollar Consumer Cost Savings Mary Jean B rer and David B Goldstein Natural Resources Defense Council John Holtzclaw Sierra Club ABSTRACT This report reviews recent research on location efficiency and uses these results to project scenarios for reductions in energy use global warming pollutants and consumer costs It begins by reviewing the literature on location efficiency Location efficiency reflects the average amount of car ownership and distance driven for a household located in a particular neighborhood In the analysis the energy efficiency potential of smart growth developments the type that are occurring in the US are estimated using location efficiency research findings The results show energy savings of a comparable magnitude after ten years to other major building energy efficiency policies such as construction codes appliance standards and DSM programs Consumer present value savings are an order of magnitude higher at 2 3 trillion Policy options for expanding smart growth and realizing its potential are briefly discussed Introduction The design of communities to provide better access with less use of automobiles now commonly known as smart growth can result in significant energy savings in the transportation sector and much larger savings in overall societal costs These general conclusions have been claimed for over a generation but generally have not figured heavily in analyses of energy savings or global warming pollutants reduction because reliable means of quantifying the results of different decisions concerning community infrastructure were not available This is no longer the case Recent research on location efficiency corroborated by other studies looking at smart growth more broadly provide a basis for predicting the results of specific scenarios for community development and transportation infrastructure provision in the United States some evidence



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