Berkeley ENE,RES C200 - Nuclear Power and Its Fuel Cycle (13 pages)

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Nuclear Power and Its Fuel Cycle



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Nuclear Power and Its Fuel Cycle

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Lecture Notes


Pages:
13
School:
University of California, Berkeley
Course:
Ene,Res C200 - Energy and Society
Energy and Society Documents

Unformatted text preview:

Making TechnologyWork 108 countries in this case all the OECD countries Results such as these have led some to ask whether more aggressive technology strategies for improving energy productivity and reducing carbon intensity could be adopted or whether cost competitive carbon sequestration technologies might be available For it is clear that if the actual climate impacts of GHG emissions turn out to be on the more pessimistic side of the predicted range of possibilities the measures that have been considered in most of the studies to date will prove to be wholly inadequate The conclusion to this chapter is that the global climate change problem will be with the United States and the world for many decades to come The scientific issues presented by global warming are enormously complex and the economic and political issues involved in developing a policy response that must be global in extent will be extraordinarily difficult for governments to manage Many readers of this book will undoubtedly be involved with one or another aspect of global warming in their future careers e eLL 0 if l J s s 1 I 1 1 3 7 Nuclear Power and Its Fuel Cycle No technological system more dramatically illustrates the central themes of this bookthe complexity of real world applications of technology and the pitfalls of ignoring the social political and environmental dimensions of innovation than nuclear power Once widely seen as an energy source of almost unlimited potential nuclear power is today expanding in just a handful of countries In most countries with operating nuclear power stations there are no plans to build additional nuclear plants and some countries have made formal decisions to phase out their existing reactors as quickly as possible Despite its limited growth prospects nuclear power is today playing an important role around the world with nearly 440 plants supplying 17 of the world s electricity In some countries the level of dependence is much higher France derives 76 of its



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