UCSC CMPE 003 - CMPE – 003 Exam 1 (13 pages)

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CMPE – 003 Exam 1



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CMPE – 003 Exam 1

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Pages:
13
School:
University of California, Santa Cruz
Course:
Cmpe 003 - Personal Computer Concepts

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CMPE 003 Computer Concepts Exam 1 Review of Chapters 1 3 8 and the appendix Appendix The Continuing Story of the Computer Age Past Present and Future Important Points 1 DESCRIBE THE GENERATIONS OF COMPUTER DESIGN LEADING UP TO THE PRESENT a The First Generation i 1951 1958 ii vacuum tube iii magnetic core memory iv storage on punched cards and tape v machine language vi UNIVAC Universal Automatic Computer first computer built for business rather than military science or engineering b The Second Generation i 1959 1964 ii transistor iii programming languages including assembly language FORTRAN COBOL iv storage using removable disk packs and magnetic tape v used primarily by business universities government c The Third Generation i 1965 1970 ii integrated circuit iii upward compatibility iv unbundled software v several programs share computer s resources vi interactive processing d The Fourth Generation i 1971 present ii microprocessor iii explosive growth iv found in homes v the Internet revolution 1 started as ARPANET a network of computers that could survive a nuclear attack 2 attractive to the average user links graphical browser e The Fifth Generation mid 1990s i intelligent computers computer intelligence 1 artificial intelligence 2 3 4 2 expert systems 3 natural language 4 robotics DESCRIBE THE STORY OF PERSONAL COMPUTER DEVELOPMENT a Apple 1975 i home use ii VisiCalc spreadsheet software b IBM 1981 i became industry standard ii improved keyboard iii 80 character screen iv ability to add memory v expansion slots vi encouraged hardware and software development by others vii nonproprietary parts viii clones c Microsoft Intel i Wintel 1 Microsoft supplies operating system for PC MS DOS Windows 2 Intel supplies microprocessor 3 primary standard ii continually challenged others making inroads 1 handheld computers Palm 2 Linux graphical user interface operating system d The Internet Revolution i Attractive to the average user 1 links 2 graphical browser 3 explosive



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