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Historically great seaport of the world now not so much b c river is small GEA4500 FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE BELGIUM Brussels Unofficial capital of Europe Cap of Belgium Antwerpen Diamonds Ghent Same river as Antwerpen Most famous for peace conferences Treaty of Ghent Lots of old bldgs and great universities High tech area of Flanders Famous for car manuf Volvo Largest steel co in world today run here Mittal Brugge Liege Antwerpen s competitor also major seaport Closer to sea than Antwerpen Venice of the North river goes through city lots of canals Hanseatic style city gothic neogothic most bldgs 1000s of years old Dutch style Oh Shit city Very Americanized more American English spoken here than any other city in Europe Ferries come here from England every hour or so lots of tourism Into Wallonia no more pretty bldgs And English spoken Cities that have past their glory like Detroit and Cleveland lots of poverty Was industrial city mining and steel and steel manuf weapons 3rd largest city in Belgium largest purely French speaking city in belgium Right on Meuse River Used to be center of largest steel manuf in world was equivalent of Pittsburgh Gets economic aid from EU to help create new industry to create jobs Bastogne Battle of the Bulge General Macollough Nuts Lots of American cemeteries here from great WWI and II battles fought around here LUXEMBOURG Luxembourg Center of W Europe Karl Marx from here EU Court of Justice located here Lots of European banks rich Americans storing money here b c don t have to pay taxes makes for bad diplomatic relations b c they won t reveal who is holding money here to the U S gov t Between Rotterdam and Amsterdam is more populated dense than NYC area Flevoland state that is reclaimed from sea added sediment to bring up HOLLAND Amsterdam Venice style arch canals all over 2 million people Part of Ronstadt megalopolis taking up most of Netherlands 5th largest biz center or Europe major financial center Was big seaport at one point competed with Antwerpen Zuides is financial center of city IG is here online bank Heineken beer Great art center of the world Wrikes museum Night Watch painting and Vincent Vangoh museum Famous for liberal philosophy and way of life Euthanasia and prostitution are legal Red Light district here is most famous not biggest that s in Hambourg Big drug industry some places even give addicts their drugs if they participate in therapy program Int l sex museum Gov t here nominal capital Rotterdam 2nd largest city in Netherlands London Paris etc don t have high rises Biggest urban skyline anywhere in Europe Irasmus bridge across harbor very famous Downtown looks like Manhattan way Americans think of cities Not like any other city in Europe Largest seaport in Europe largest seaport in Germany because all manuf from there comes up river through here into sea Big on creativity design and finding new ways of living Think that housing is most important things in people lives gov t has policy that subsidizes where people live Harbor is 25 mi long The Hague Part of C that is Ronstadt halfway between Rotterdam and Amsterdam Legal Capital of the World Home of int l court of justice sea of Netherlands queen home of int l peace orgs Law firms schools have international programs headq here Headq of Dutch railroad everyone in Netherlands rides it every day almost zero need for a car Bike system put in your euro borrow bike to ride where you need to be return bike when you arrive Royal Dutch Shell headquarters gas Utrecht East end of Ronstadt end of it get euro back 2 used cars city in world 1 in Europe Lots of int l shopping Leiden Also in Ronstadt Oldest of all Dutch Universities Medical research and healthcare In top 3 of Univ with most nobel prizes won Eindhoven Little under 1 million Center of Dutch Brabant similar to Flanders Phillips electronics SWITZERLAND Physical Geography Glaciers cut deep lakes Jura Mts in border with France Half the country is mountains in south and part of north borders Lake Constance in border with Germany origin of Rhine river Lake Geneva in S between mt ranges origin of Rhone river Buffer zone Romandie French speaking area W Ticino Italian S Romanj Latin based classical language NE Political Geography Switzerland is a confederation of cantons about 22 of them united in lose ties Each canton has authority of independent nation doesn t give up much to be part of confed United after 30 years war A lot of sectarianism of Christians here breaking off Cities are very dull all work no play or pretty things to look at architecture is boring 7 million people Very conservative Zurich Built on the down slope of the hill near a lake Largest city largest German speaking city in Switzerland BANKING UBS Credit Swiss Swiss RE Stock Exchange Famous for laundering money secret accts with no name and no taxes Extremely low corporate taxes Top of the list in quality of life index ABB large construction company GM IBM Microsoft Google TransOcean oil rigs Club of Rome group of rich famous people who talk about environmental issues Geneva 2 city in switz largest French speaking city Harmony Peace Protestant Reformation Many international organizations Cap of Romandie 2 million World class city Worlds 2 center of diplomacy NYC 1 Where river Rhone meets lake Geneva Bern Capitol 350k 4th largest Conference city On a big plateau flat Basel On the Rhine River WAS the world capitol of Communism Pharmaceuticals Bayer Aspirin Lusanne German city very beautiful and old city Spectacular architecture very unlike the other cities League of Nations Red Cross UN Peace conferences Int l Labor Org WTO World Economic Forum CERN organizes internet came up with www and com Jura Mts is headquarters of Swiss Watch making Geneva is closest to it makes it the capitol Strongly French Famous for being home of Int l Olympic committee and museum Int l court for sport arbitration Nestle manuf chemical baby formula people hate that b c keeps women from breast feeding leads to lower std of living Also own half of bottled water in the world people say that s leading to the decrease in std of living not green enviro friendly Once a year in February all the top political leaders in world scientists richest most famous people in world get together to discuss future of the world Has ruled world for most of last 2000 years Austria Hungarian empire holy roman empire etc Alpine destination half of the country is alps Tyrol Region yellow heaviest highest mts in Austria

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FSU GEA 4500 - Study Guide

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