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United Nations S/RES/2568 (2021) Security Council Distr.: General 12 March 2021 21-03445 (E) *2103445* Resolution 2568 (2021) Adopted by the Security Council on 12 March 2021 The Security Council, Recalling all its previous resolutions and statements of its President on the situation in Somalia, Reaffirming its respect for the sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence, and unity of Somalia, Welcoming the response of the international community to address instability and insecurity in Somalia, and commending the African Union’s leadership of this response, Welcoming the progress achieved in Somalia so far, and commending the Somali people, the Somali authorities, the African Union, the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and its troop contributing countries, the United Nations and Somalia’s other international partners for their role in this, Reiterating that the immediate and pressing threat to the stability and security of Somalia, to the Somali people and to Somalia’s neighbours is posed by Al Shabaab and armed opposition groups, condemning in the strongest possible terms their attacks in Somalia and beyond, and expressing deep concern at the loss of civilian life from these attacks, Paying tribute to the bravery and sacrifices made by AMISOM and Somali Security Forces (SSF) personnel in the fight against Al Shabaab, and commending the contribution of AMISOM to building lasting peace and stability in Somalia, Welcoming the support provided by the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS) to AMISOM and the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and recognising the complementary work of the United Nations Panel of Experts for Somalia and the role of sanctions imposed by the United Nations Security Council, as, amongst other things, a non-military means of degrading Al Shabaab, and armed opposition groups, Recognising that the situation in Somalia has evolved since it first authorised AMISOM 14 years ago, including the threat posed by Al Shabaab, further recognising that military action alone will not overcome this threat, reiterating the need, therefore, to pursue an approach that addresses stabilisation and governance challenges, including addressing gaps related to public administration, rule of law, combating organised crime, justice and law enforcement, and preventing and countering violentS/RES/2568 (2021) 21-03445 2/12 extremism conducive to terrorism, alongside security sector reform and military operations, noting in this regard the potential of international cooperation and support for peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction and development in Somalia if provided in line with priorities defined by its government and further noting in this regard African Union Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Development (AUPCRD) policy and the AUPCRD dedicated Centre in Cairo, Recalling that the Somali authorities have the primary responsibility for ensuring security in their country, welcoming the FGS’s commitment to conduct joint operations with AMISOM in order to become the primary security provider in Somalia, but noting that Somalia is not yet in a position to take full responsibility for its own security and that degrading Al Shabaab and armed opposition groups and building and sustaining peace will therefore require continued regional and international collaboration and support, stressing that this support should be in-line with the direction provided by the Somalia, Emphasising the importance of building the capacity of Somali forces and institutions so they are able to manage current and future threats, further emphasising the importance of effective coordination between the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) and its Federal Member States (FMS) and international partners in order to ensure such capacity building is coherent and aligned with the direction provided by Somalia and enables the SSF to assume progressively greater responsibility for Somalia’s security, Underlining the critical importance of the FGS and FMS reaching inclusive political agreements, expressing concern at the delays in finalising arrangements for elections in 2021 and urging them to organise free, fair, credible and inclusive elections, in line with the 17 September 2020 agreement, as soon as possible, further urging them to collaborate on security and other national priorities, noting the responsibilities of all parties to improve cooperation and engage in FGS-led discussions, and underscoring that full cooperation of all parties would advance progress on national priorities including the implementation of the National Security Architecture, revised Somalia Transition Plan, ensuring a fully functioning federal system and finalising the constitution as the legal and political foundation for Somalia’s government and institutions, Recalling its resolution 1325 (2000) and subsequent resolutions, recognising the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and in peacebuilding, and stressing the importance of their full, equal and meaningful participation and involvement in all efforts at all levels for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security, and the need to increase their role in decision-making and leadership with regard to conflict prevention and resolution as envisaged in the Somali Women’s Charter, Condemning violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law in Somalia, calling on all parties to act in full compliance with their obligations under international human rights law and international humanitarian law, and recalling the Working Group Conclusions on Children and Armed Conflict in Somalia (S/AC.51/2020/6), Expressing serious concern at the humanitarian situation in Somalia and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, floods and the desert locust upsurge recognising that these present a challenge to Somalia’s health system, agriculture, socio-economic situation and humanitarian situation, calling for all parties to the conflict to


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