TAMU POLS 207 - POLS Test Review (6 pages)

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POLS Test Review



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POLS Test Review

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Pages:
6
School:
Texas A&M University
Course:
Pols 207 - State & Local Goverment

Unformatted text preview:

Education Policy Education Democratic Governance National interest o Narrowly international competitiveness soft power etc o Broadly link b t education a free society What is the role of public schools o Acquiring general life skills o Gaining civic critical capacities o Accepting authority o Becoming an economic contributor Different ideological visions of role of individual in society Public Education in the States Primarily a state local responsibility Re State police powers o Laws for the health safety welfare morals of their communities Role of States o Establish schools colleges o Develop curricula o Determine enrollment graduation requirements o Share responsibility for funding Result Great variation at State Local Levels In policy inputs o Revenues resources spending per student Teacher salaries Facilities materials o Material taught In educational OUTPUTS o School performance student achievement Dropout graduation rates Standardized testing scores College readiness Early Federal Involvement in Primary Secondary Education Northwest Ordinance 1787 o Land to new states for public schools U S Office of Education est 1867 o becomes U S Department of Education 1979 Other early federal grants in aid o Smith Hughes Act 1917 vocational education for agriculture Federal Involvement Post WW2 era Involvement closely follows trends shifts in U S federalism Cooperative federalism o National School Lunch Milk Program 1946 o Federal Impacted Areas Aid Program 1950 o National Defense Education Act 1958 Cold War push for science languages Centralized federalism o Elementary Secondary Education Act ESEA 1965 Categorical grants to schools o Head Start 1965 New federalism o Education Consolidation Improvement Act 1981 Made ESEA a block grant Federal Involvement 2000s to today No Child Left Behind NCLB 2001 o Focus ESL Special Ed poor minority students Testing to assess school performance Non complying state risked federal funding Every Student Succeeds Act ESSA 2015 o States



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