BGSU PHIL 1020 - Exam 1 Study Guide (10 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam 1 Study Guide


Describing the different Moral Theories in Philosophy

Study Guide
Bowling Green State University
Phil 1020 - Introduction to Ethics

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PHIL 1020 1st Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures 1 18 Lecture 1 January 12 What is Philosophy Intro to Ethics Describes Philosophy and the two parts of the course and begins to explain what Ethics and Morality are 2 parts of the course 1 Moral Theories 2 Applied Ethics Philosophy literally means love of wisdom and is the activity of increasing one s understanding through investigation and reflection What is Ethics Morality Rules about what we should shouldn t do E g respect individual rights do not harm others try to prevent unnecessary suffeirng Lecture 2 January 14 What are Moral rules What are these rule like Matters of personal opinion Fixed absolute truths Where do we find them Why not just look to our laws What are our sources of morality We don t simply look to our laws because some are unjust Our sources of morality come from our families religion laws and society s values Some think we should look for our inner voice or use reason Dr Mr Luther Kind was a civil rights leader and advocated direct non violent action for justice and looked to Socrates for inspiration Socrates publicly questioned the wisest most prominent Athenians and showed that their so called knowledge was false and highlighted the importance of questioning using reason and argument to sot truth from falsehood Lecture 3 January 16 First recitation class no notes taken Lecture 4 January 21 Describes what an Argument is it s components what makes a good argument and how to determine if it s good or not Arguments ARE NOT a verbal argument but a series of logically connected reasons intended to prove that something is true or false Components 1 Premises a set of reasons which give local support for the 2 Conclusion the main idea or point which the reasons are meant to support What makes a good argument The conclusion follows from the premises How do we know if it s good First step put into standard form o List all of the premises then the conclusion Second step Test 1 and Test 2 o Test 1 Is it

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