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U-M HISTORY 244 - Israel's Political System

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Lecture 8I. OverviewII. Israel's Political SystemIII. Immigration and Economic GrowthIV. Arabs in IsraelV. Palestinians Outside IsraelVI. ConclusionI. OverviewIsraeli living standards rose, most Palestinian standards remained at poverty. As Jews became more unified in community, the Palestinians continued to flee to a number of different areas.Jordan: largest refugee population. They did their best to inhibit the formation of a Palestinian identity.If Jordan hadn’t lost the west bank, we probably wouldn’t be hearing about the Palestinians today. They raised their educational level and experimented with new political forms.II. Israel's Political System (1949-1967)--Legacies of the Yishuv permitted movement towards a national identity, public health, education, etc.Israeli’s votes for party on a national level, very democratic system. However, this makes coordination and stability problematic.Mapai, lead by Ben-Gurion. Always got the highest number of votes (highest 30%). In order to get majority, they made deals with small parties…demanded special favors, jobs, etc.Israel, only functioning democracy in the middle east. As their education system rose, their stability rose as well.III. Immigration and Economic Growth--1930…before WWII, immigration averaged 18,000/year. 1948-52, immigration averaged 18,000/month. Open door policy expressed the Zionists’ major claim.Law of Return: Anyone who converted to Judaism and anyone with Jewish ancestry can enter the country.As the word got out, many Jewish people fled into Israel.Wave 1: rush from the holocaustWave 2: Jewish wave from Arab, Asian, and African countries--Mizrachim: most had only a few years of school, higher crime rates, lower incomes, etc. They also suffered from European discrimination—they didn’t come here to have to deal with this. 1950, Ashkenazim told a Mizrachim to stop cutting, and the Mizrachim Jews cut off his nose. Government began paying parents to keep their kids in school.Israel was now seen as a mosaic with different cultures all in one. However, the government instill-Army: everyone lived together. All only spoke Hebrew. Patriotic unity.--School’s plus the army helped create an Israeli’s identity.--Afro-Asian Jews began to began to increase their living standardsFree market policies began to take over socialist policies.Projects--Living standards rose a ton.IV. Arabs in IsraelLike Jews, Arab votes could chose from a variety political parties.-Education, economic terms: 1960 80% boys and 60% girls attended school.-Better health care, greater life expectancy.--Israeli Arabs are bitter compared to the Jews in Israel.--1956: 47 Israeli Arabs were killed for violating a curfew they didn’t even know about.Land confiscation: Arabs who fled their homes were denied return.3 tiered social structure: 1)Ashkenazim 2)Mizrachim 3) Israeli Arabs.Druze Arabs: identified more with the Jews rather than the Arabs.V. Palestinians Outside Israel-Palestinians hoped that king Abdullah would detroy Israel, but he had no support for sm.-in Jordan, as in Israel, the Palestinians are continued to be isolated, bottom of social ladder.- UNRWA reduced Palestinian incentives.Israel, Jordan, Egypt all suppressed the Palestinians and their power.-However, they were able to increase their social standing and confidence through education. Shared burning hatred of Israel, determination to build Palestinian identity. Leaders emerged to create leadersVI. Conclusion-novel emphasis on education began a new national movement.Terms:Ashkenazim = Jews of European originMizrachim = Jews of North African and Asian originDavid Ben-GurionLaw of ReturnKnessetMapaiKfarQassemEilatDruze Arabs: marginal community, insecure and vulnerable.BedouinKing Hussein of JordanHISTORY 244 1st Edition Lecture 8 I. Overview II. Israel's Political System III. Immigration and Economic Growth IV. Arabs in Israel V. Palestinians Outside IsraelVI. ConclusionI. Overview- Israeli living standards rose, most Palestinian standards remained atpoverty. As Jews became more unified in community, the Palestinians continued to flee to a number of different areas. o Jordan: largest refugee population. They did their best to inhibit the formation of a Palestinian identity. o If Jordan hadn’t lost the west bank, we probably wouldn’t be hearing about the Palestinians today. They raised their educational level and experimented with new political forms.  II. Israel's Political System (1949-1967) --Legacies of the Yishuv permitted movement towards a national identity, public health, education, etc. - Israeli’s votes for party on a national level, very democratic system. However, this makes coordination and stability problematic. o Mapai, lead by Ben-Gurion. Always got the highest number of votes (highest 30%). In order to get majority, they made dealswith small parties…demanded special favors, jobs, etc. - Israel, only functioning democracy in the middle east. As their education system rose, their stability rose as well. III. Immigration and Economic Growth --1930…before WWII, immigration averaged 18,000/year. 1948-52, immigration averaged 18,000/month. Open door policy expressed the Zionists’ major claim.- Law of Return: Anyone who converted to Judaism and anyone with Jewish ancestry can enter the country. - As the word got out, many Jewish people fled into Israel. o Wave 1: rush from the holocausto Wave 2: Jewish wave from Arab, Asian, and African countries --Mizrachim: most had only a few years of school, higher crime rates, lower incomes, etc. They also suffered from European discrimination—they didn’t come here to have to deal with this. 1950, Ashkenazim told a Mizrachim to stop cutting, and the Mizrachim Jews cut off his nose. Government began paying parents to keep their kids in school. - Israel was now seen as a mosaic with different cultures all in one. However, the government instill  -Army: everyone lived together. All only spoke Hebrew. Patriotic unity.  --School’s plus the army helped create an Israeli’s identity.  --Afro-Asian Jews began to began to increase their living standards- Free market policies began to take over socialist policies. - Projects --Living standards rose a ton.  IV. Arabs in Israel Like Jews, Arab votes could chose from a variety political parties.  -Education, economic terms: 1960 80% boys and


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