Chapter 4 Cities of South America (23 pages)

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Chapter 4 Cities of South America



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Chapter 4 Cities of South America

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Pages:
23
School:
Wright State University
Course:
Urs 2000 - Growth and Change in Urban Society

Unformatted text preview:

Cities of South America Growth and Change in Urban Societies Buenos Aires Source http www viajesolin com mx buenos 20aires jpg Demographics Total Population Percent Urban Population Total Urban Population Most Urbanized Country Least Urbanized Country of Cities over 1 Million Number of Megacities Three Largest Cities World Cities 382 Million 84 329 Million Venezuela 93 4 Paraguay 61 5 38 3 Sao Paulo Buenos Aires Rio de Janeiro Sao Paulo Buenos Aires Rio de Janeiro Trends and Issues The region transformed from rural to urban society only in the later half of the 20th century The region is poised on the global periphery Geographically remote from the major centers of trade Struggling to achieve economic development Brazil s economy now growing Classed as A Newly Industrializing Economy NIE Sao Paulo Brazil s industrial giant Trends and Issues National capitals were typically primate cities but now several exceptions are emerging Rapid growth of cities results in Brazil Ecuador Bolivia Venezuela Huge squatter settlements Environmental degradation Extreme disparities in wealth Challenge of high crime rates Social movements aim to improve Housing Health care Urban amenities http news bbc co uk olmedia 400000 image s 403181 poor150 jpg Cultural Ecological Regions Andean America Southern Cone Colombia Venezuela Ecuador Peru Bolivia Argentina Chile Uruguay Paraguay Portuguese America Brazil Andean America Pre Columbian urban civilization Inca Empire Cusco Machu Picchu City builders pre occupied with water fertility the supernatural Administrative ceremonial centers Inca wall built without mortar Machu Picchu Royal Estate Andean America Spanish Conquest Colonization Francisco Pizarro Defeated Atahualpa and Incas in 1533 Spanish cities on or near Pre Colombian cities Law of the Indies Plaza and San Antonio Cathedral Quito Ecuador Viceroyalty of Peru Lima its capital Peruvian plaza Spanish indigenous architecture Source http www latinamericanescapes com images peru profile2a



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