USC AHIS 120g - From Archaic to Classical: the Parthenon (2 pages)

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From Archaic to Classical: the Parthenon



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From Archaic to Classical: the Parthenon

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Introduction to the Classical age. Key works are the Acropolis and Parthenon.


Lecture number:
6
Pages:
2
Type:
Lecture Note
School:
University of Southern California
Course:
Ahis 120g - Foundations of Western Art
Edition:
1

Unformatted text preview:

AHIS 120g 1st Edition Lecture 6 Current Lecture Palace of Knossos o Rediscovery of ancient Greek culture at the beginning of the 20 th century Reconstructions carried the style of architecture of the century o Recent renaming from palace to complex Its function and purpose of the complex is still unknown o Minoan columns large on top tapered on the base Mycenaean culture o Heavily fortified militaristic society Conveyed by their use of megaliths Archaic period Temple of Hera I c 550 BCE One of the oldest and best preserved Doric Archaic temples located in the southern Italian polis Paestum Temple dedicated to Hera wife of Zeus Visually low and sprawling with nine columns across the front and rear o Enneastyle Column shafts are not straight from bottom to top o About a third of the way up they bulge outward slightly receding again at about two thirds of their height o This swelling effect is known as entasis o Sense of proportion is gone o It gives the impression that the columns bulge with the strain of supporting the superstructure and that the slender tops aided by capitals can barely withstand the crushing weight o This technique is also seen in the monoliths of Stonehenge The Classical Age Battles between Persians and the Greeks were monumental to ancient Greek history o The end of the Persian Wars to the death of Alexander the Great in the late 4 th century BCE is known as the Classical Age o During this time architects and sculptors sought visual harmony in proportional systems and artists achieved a heightened naturalism in depicting the human form Pericles the most influential political leader of its day came to the forefront of Athenian public life in the mid fifth century BCE o Avid patron of the arts he focused much of his attention on beautifying the city s highest point the Acropolis The Acropolis c 400 BCE o o o o The principal centers of Athenian public life were the agora and the Acropolis Symbolic effervescence of Athenian culture Constructed



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