MIT 3 052 - Assignment 4 (2 pages)

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Assignment 4



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Assignment 4

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Pages:
2
School:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Course:
3 052 - Nanomechanics of Materials and Biomaterials
Nanomechanics of Materials and Biomaterials Documents
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3 052 Nanomechanics of Materials and Biomaterials Assignment 4 Due 04 24 07 3 052 Nanomechanics of Materials and Biomaterials Spring 2007 Assignment 4 Due Date Thursday 04 24 07 midnight on Stellar Course WebPage You are encouraged to use additional resources e g journal papers internet etc but please cite them points will be deducted for not doing so You will need to research additional sources to answer some questions Everything must be answered in your own words also do not copy phrases or sentences from the paper or podcast 5 extra credit for posting a message on one of the podcast message boards 1 van der Waals Forces at Work Gecko Feet Adhesion Tian et al PNAS 2006 99 1225212256 a Equation 16 gives an alternative geometry for calculating the van der Waals adhesion force Define the assumed geometry and all constants according to the schematic in Figure 1i and then use equation 16 to recreate the plot shown in Figure 4 b How do Figures 5 and 6 explain the roll in roll out mechanism for gecko walking c From the Discovery Channel movie on Professor Autumn Kellar posted on stellar i Explain what was meant by the gecko hairs become one with the wall ii Explain what was meant by the gecko is the Bermuda triangle of biology iii Name a number of potential applications for the fundamentals behind gecko feet adhesion iv What is the Mecko Gecko v Name 3 other types of biological adhesion mechanisms and the animals that use them 2 Boundary Lubrication Podcast Hydration Forces Briscoe et al Boundary Lubrication Under Water Nature 444 9 November 2006 191 194 a Research 3 different definitions of boundary lubrication and 3 different technological applications where boundary lubrication is relevant cite all sources Professor Klein proposes that ions can behave as molecular ball bearings in boundary lubrication Explain this analogy b Professor Klein mentioned that one can not take pictures with the SFA like the AFM can In a few sentences explain why not c Professor Klein states that experiments are meaningless without controls and refers us to Figure 1 which is a control experiment Explain in 0 5 pages how these data verify the accuracy of their experimental setup d The bare mica data from Figure 1 has been digitized and is posted on Stellar in an Excel file Given the theoretical parameters provided in the Figure caption estimate a quantitative value of the Hamaker constant in units of zJ using two separate DLVO theoretical predictions using a linearized Poisson Boltzmann Formulation 1 constant surface charge and 2 constant surface potential Include in your solutions a single plot showing the two theoretical fits compared to the experimental dataset in units of Force mN m versus Distance nm Make sure to work out all units correctly points will be deducted for not doing so e The boundary lubrication mechanism presented in the current paper differs slightly from that proposed in Klein s previous paper on fluidity of bound hydrated ionic layers Raviv et al 1540 297 2002 Science Explain how 3 The Electrostatic Double Layer Cartilage Podcast Dean et al J Biomech 2006 39 14 2555 1 3 052 Nanomechanics of Materials and Biomaterials Assignment 4 Due 04 24 07 a For Figure 6a and b why isn t the constant compliance regime set to D 0 Explain how this nonzero distance of the constant compliance regime is determined experimentally in 0 5 pages b For Figures 6a and b calculate the distance at which repulsion due to conformational entropy begins for each salt concentration and summarize these values in a table Compare the values obtained in the table for Figures 6a and 6b and explain any differences c Given the chemical structure and dimensions of aggrecan and GAG and the aggrecan molecular surface packing density reported in the paper estimate the areal surface charge per unit area C m2 due to the GAGs at pH 5 6 the pH at which the nanomechanical experiments were carried out d Given the known amino acid sequence of the protein core backbone posted on stellar and the aggrecan molecular surface packing density reported in the paper estimate the areal surface charge per unit area C m2 due to the core protein at pH 5 6 the pH at which the nanomechanical experiments were carried out You may want to prepare a Matlab script to assist in the calculation What is the percentage contribution to the total areal areal surface charge per unit area e Based on your answers to parts c and d can the linearized Poisson Boltzmann DebyeHuckel formulation be employed to predict the EDL force Why or why not 2


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