Unformatted text preview:

European Union Exam #3 Study Guide (The following is based off the questions in Professor Ehrlich’sGuide)(He also stated to focus on questions 2-5 which will make upthe bulk of the exam)1) 1. The following policies are discussed below- Creation and regulation of the Single Market- Budgetary Politics, including CAP and cohesion- Monetary policy- Justice and Home Affairs- International Economic Policy- Common Foreign and Security Policy2) The Single Market - Single Market was created due to intense international competition in the early 1980s, EU leaders committed themselves in the Single European Act to completing the single market by the target date of 1992. - There were 300 necessary measures on the white paper (legislation) to complete the single market: major barriers grouped into 3 categories physical, technical, and fiscal. o Physical barriers- customs and immigration posts at border crossings between member states were the most tangible obstacles to the single market. It restricted the movement of goods and people across borders. The commission overcame this by “to eliminate in their entirety…internal frontier barriers and controls by 1992.”o Technical Barriers- used this term as a “catchall”: proposals under this heading covered product standards, testing, and certification; movement of capital; public procurement; free movement of labor and the professions; free movement of financial services; transport; new technologies; company law; intellectual property; and company taxation.It was the largest of the 300 white-paper measures. Overcame barriers in this field by establishing mutual recognition as a basic principle: restricting harmonization to technical and health and safety standards. They also abolished controls on free flow of capital between member states and rules governing cross-border company activities were harmonized and common rules on the protection of intellectual property were agreed. o Fiscal Barriers- to remove fiscal barriers the Commission proposed the harmonization of the value added tax (VAT) and excise duties such as alcohol and tobacco. A standardminimum VAT of %15 in each member state, the abolition of luxury tax, and rules whereVAT should be paid. - How is the single market regulated- o Tax-VAT is to be paid in the country of destination. Excise taxes were also harmonized atthe same rate. o Environmental- introduced QMV in the council and co-decision with the EP on environmental legislation, as well as the principle of sustainable development. Allowing member states to apply higher regulations if desired. Required EU to have a common policy. o Competition was regulated in 3 separate strands Antitrust regulation- treaty that outlaws a variety of agreements between companies that would restrict competition like cartels, and price fixing  Regulation of state aids- the treaty outlaws subsidies to industry that threaten competition and trade between member states unless it promotes the intresst of the EU. Merger control- delegating substantive powers to the commissiono Social regulations A general objective of promoting social progress and a high level of employment Closer cooperation in the improvement of living and working conditions  Member states ensure equal pay for men and women  European social fund to help occupational and geographical mobility  Free movement of workers, with rights to residence, social security, and non-discrimination in employment. 3) The EU Budget - How is the EU budget set?o The annual budgetary procedure is as follows (also look on pg 224 in HIX for more detail)  The commission proposes an annual budget, within the guidelines of the multiannual financial framework.  Council adopts or amends budget by QMV and forward to EP.  Unless an absolute majority of MEPs amends budget, Council version is is adopted.  In the conciliation committee, a simple majority in the parliament and QMV in the council is required to adopt the budget.  If there is no agreement on stage then the budget fails and the commission must submit a new proposal. o Main sources of revenue Agricultural levies- under the common agricultural policy (CAP), these are charges on imports of agricultural products from non-EU countries. Customs Duties- common customs tariffs and other duties are levied on importsfrom non-EU countries.  Value added tax (VAT)- a harmonized rate is applied in all member states, and this should not exceed 1% of the EU GNP.  GNP based own resource- based on the GNP of the member states, this covers the difference between planned expenditures and the amount yielded from the other three resources. o Main Expenditures CAP-largest item of EU expenditure.  Cohesion – central aim is to promote “economic and social cohesion” which is to reduce disparities between regions and social groups in the EU. Was to end ever-larger proportion of the EU budget has been transferred to poorer and less-developed regions. Cohesion funds go to the 4 poor countries in W. Europe :Ireland, Greece, Spain, and Portugal and also poor regions of rich countries: S. Italy, Scotland, N. Ireland, and E. Germany. And Eastern Europe.  R&D and Education-created the ESPIRIT program for research and development.  Foreign aid and international activities- The EU’s more proactive foreign and security policy enables it to carry out crisis management and peacekeeping missions in Europe and far beyond. Administration/Bureaucracy-The EU's administrative expenses amount to less than 6% of the total EU budget4) CAP- Why it operates o Single Market- agricultural produce should be able to move freely throughout the EU.o Community preference- priority should be given to produce originating within the EU over that of other countries. o Financial solidarity- the cost of the policy should be borne by the common EU budget rather than by individual member states. o Over all main objectives  Increase agricultural productivity  Ensure a fair standard of living for farmers  Stabilize agricultural markets  Guarantees regular supplies of food  Ensure reasonable prices for consumers - Main problems with the CAPo Guaranteed prices encouraged overproduction and production grew faster than demand resulting in “wine lakes and butter mountains” o These surpluses had to be stored thus imposing another cost on the CAP budgeto Environmental destruction resulted from over-intensive farming and

View Full Document

FSU CPO 3101 - Exam #3 Study Guide

Download Exam #3 Study Guide
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...

Join to view Exam #3 Study Guide and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Exam #3 Study Guide 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?