CSUDH HIS 120 - Asian Commodities, Economy of Prestige and Maritime Connections (1400s)

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Samuel omenwuRaven charlesHaley McKenzieTerms:Indian Ocean Trade:Trades routes that consist of d Southeast Asia, India, Arabia,and East Africa.This was significant because it was the largest trade network at the timeand they traded goods and ideas.Monsoon:Monsoon is a seasonal change of prevailing winds that blows at southeastasia, monsoon carries heavy rain and windsZanzibar:Zanzibar is a Tanzanian archipelago in the Indian Ocean off the coast of EastAfrica and It was one of the best places to meet because it was in the middle of the indianocean trade, they also had lots of spices.Canton:A trading system that developed between Chinese and foreign merchants in theSouthern China city of Guangzhou.Zheng He (aka. Cheong Ho):Zheng He is the commander of the treasure fleet and wasalso a traderand diplomat. He was also an eunuch.Ma Huan:A chinese muslim who was known as a Translator for Zheng He explorations.Heaccpanied Zheng he for 3 voyyages and he took notes about the geography, weather,politics, and food.Ming Empire:Was the ruling dynasty that lasted from 1368-644 AD.Was the last dynastyruled by the Hans.The Ming empire was known for its Trade expansion to the west,drama,literature, and porcelain.Tribute:when a foreign court sends envoys and exotic products and animals to theChinese Emperor who in return gave the envoys gifts in return and permitted them totrade in China.1. Who were Zheng He and Ma Huan? When did Chinese voyage take place and why?Where did Zheng He and Ma Huan visit? Do some research online to describe the scaleand extent of Chinese voyages.- Zheng He was a Chinese explorer and marine. He commanded the largest and mostadvanced fleet the world had ever seen during that period of time. Zheng He wasthe best known of the Yongle emperor's for its political agents. Zheng He led thelargest ships in the world on seven voyages of exploration to the lands around theIndian Ocean. Ma Huan, a chinese muslim who played as an interpreter for ZhengHe's explorations. Ma Huan, a Chinese traveler, was one of the four people whoconducted Zheng He during his seven voyages into the Indian Ocean. To translatehis voyages traveling to the Indian Ocean. Zheng He went on his first voyage in 1405commanding some 27,800 men. Zheng He made the voyages because he intended todisplay China's power and culture and bring foreign treasures back to the Mingcourt.2. What did Ma Huan record? What was the term Ma Huan used to refer to China? Howdid Ma Huan portray the peoples and cultures he encountered during the voyages? (Useconcrete examples from the primary source reading.) What do they tell us about Chinaand Chinese commodities? Use concrete examples from the readings to answer thesequestions.- Ma Huan, made a detailed record of the history of Zheng He's voyages to the West.Since he was Zheng He's translator he kept up with all the information aboutpeople, where they went and other languages he had to speak. For example, MaHuan was excited about traveling and learning different languages and speaking it.Basically he took notes in his head from what people wore, spoke , and even actedduring specific moments. He basically paid attention to things Zheng He didn’t. Notonly that, Zheng loved that he did that because it gives him a set of mind.3. When did the first voyage of Columbus take place? Compare it to the Chinesevoyages. How do they differ from, or similar to, each other?- The first voyage of Columbus took place during the year 1492. This voyagediffered than previous voyages/ explorations because it was done by theEuropeans with the intention of exploring unclaimed land specifically. TheChinese voyages were usually directed at finding trade routes, expandingterritory, exploring new land, etc.4. A famous historian argued that “the year 1492 marked the beginning of the world." Doyou agree with this statement? Is this an example of Eurocentrism? Assess it using whatwe have studied in Part IV of our class.I disagree that the year 1492 marked thebeginning of the world but I can agree it marked the beginning of the new world. Ithink it marked the beginning of the new world because a new continent(America)was discovered by Christopher Columbus. This is an example of Eurocentrismbecause it makes it out to be that Europeans discovered the Americas 1st which isnttrue and also the modern world which was also untrue because some nations weremore advanced at the

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CSUDH HIS 120 - Asian Commodities, Economy of Prestige and Maritime Connections (1400s)

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