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Why might inequality be a threat to democracy?Why does Wright say class relations are characterized by exploitation and domination?Why don’t scholars see race as a biological phenomenon?Why do Omi and Wynant say race is a “sociohistorical concept”?Explain one key difference between sex and gender.What are the two main reasons why women earn less than men?Give an example of a gender role that is changing in the US or your home country.From the Reading (Wilson) How do biological differences between males and females create conflicting interests?Give your own example of how culture might exaggerate biological differences between men and women.From ClassWhy is cultural capital important for social mobility?What are the functions of a family?What are the common traits of a typical American family?From the Reading (Lareau)State two ways in which child rearing practices of middle class are different from those of working class families.What are the primary changes to the American family that have occurred over the last century?What are the factors explaining why certain minority groups have higher rates of one-parent households.From Class How has the role of the male in the American household changed in recent years?What other important changes to the American family (or families in your home country) have occurred?From the Reading (Douglas and Michaels)Know the facets of the “New Momism.”From ClassWhy is education important?Which of Bridgeland’s et al. suggestions for improving schools do you think is most important for your home country?What are the four major explanations for why socio-economic status affects education?What are the ways in which richer and poorer students are taught differently?From the Reading (Sachs)How does socio-economic status influence success at school?From ClassWhy does Dwight relate racial differences in standardized test scores to residential segregation?From the Reading (Tatum)Give an example of how expectations affect learning outcomes students don’t have.From ClassWhat factors contribute to lower self-esteem and test scores for girls during their high school years?From the Reading (Lewin)Why are males underperforming in college?Lecture 2: CLASSClass- Lecture Class- Your position in society based upon your control over your means of livelihood.According to Wright, Class is ‘A social category sharing a common set of subjectively salient attributed within a system of stratification.”Why might inequality be a threat to democracy?-Inequality is a can be considered a treat to democracy for several reasons. This is because,when there isinequality,things are not shared equally,there is a difference is the distribution of resources.So when thishappens,some people will benefit more than the others. -If there is too much inequality some people will have more influence in democracy over the other. For example if rich people pay politicians to get work done, there will be no democracy. -If such inequality is to result a democracy cannot be formed as democracy is a form of government where all participants are allowed to participate equally. Inequality between labor markets built up will build up and where there is inequality there is friction thus an equal government cannot be established.Why does Wright say class relations are characterized by exploitation and domination?-According to Wright, Class relation is defined as how “some people have greater/power with respect to specific kinds of productive resources than to others.” There is domination of one class of people over the other.There are “skyrocketing salaries” at one end whereas on the other hand people arecollecting their pence.Exploitation is where people are treated unfairly in order to take advantage from their work.Different kinds of class relations are defined by different kinds of rights and powers and there are unequal rights and powers over the sheer physical use of resources.In some cases people are allowed to own the labor process of other people. This is domination and this absolute ownership is referred to as slavery.This is why class relation can be characterized by exploitation and domination.Lecture: GENDERWhy don’t scholars see race as a biological phenomenon?Race is classified as “people based on certain perceived biological characteristics”; scholars such as Omi and Wyant say race is a “sociohistoric concept” based on “amateur biology”. According to themthere is no gene that we can identify as the black gene or the white gene.We have no genetic proof that black and whites are different. This is because race is not biologically valid. There is no biological basis for race.Why do Omi and Wynant say race is a “sociohistorical concept”?According to Omni and Wyant,Racial categories have varied severely over time and between different societies.They define it as a pre-elementary concept which means that the meaning of the term race was understood over time with specific social relations and historical context in which they are related.This reflects a need to put people in categoriesOmni and Wyant state that the government doesn’t live up to the phrase “Every man is equal” where there is still slavery in the country; this phrase is just kept in the bound of a frame. They do not act upon why they say every man is the sameELecture :GENDERExplain one key difference between sex and gender.Sex GenderBiological CulturalNo variation between cultures Varies between culturesChanges across hundreds of thousands of yearsChanges across generationsWhat are the two main reasons why women earn less than men? Women take maternity leave therefore spends more time with children. Women are seen are most often seen to sacrifice their careers .This is because most women accept their low wage as it is almost the social norm or idea that women are suppose to earn a lower income than a man. Women have household work that needs to be immediately fulfilled such as cooking, changing diapers.Give an example of a gender role that is changing in the US or your home country.Back in the 1950’s women in Sri Lanka did not drive cars, because driving a car was not seen as a “woman’s job”. However, over time the views of Sri Lankans have changed, and now we can see womendriving on the road as much as men do.From the Reading (Wilson)How do biological differences between males and females create conflicting interests?Male gametes have relatively small, low success in

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UT LST 2640 - Lecture notes

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