NYU CFI-UF 101 - Social Foundations Review Sheet

Unformatted text preview:

Social Foundations Review Sheet:- Oligarchy: Rule by a few people who are affluentChristopher Hayes: Twilight of the Elites Hunter college high is all about who can afford SAT prep:  Meritocratic/Meritocracy: Idea that power should be given according to merit. Hayes says we are living in the “Fail Decade”. Meritocracy has deteriorated into Plutocracy as a result of 9/11, Katrina, recession etc.  Plutocracy: Society ruled by the wealthy Issues in America have caused the financial crisis, elite crisis, and the media crisis.  Principe of Difference: Required in Meritocracy  this principle states that natural hierarchies of talent do exist.  Principle of Mobility: Required in Meritocracy  there must be a selection process that rewards merit and punishes failure, allowing for roles to change within society.  Rich Aristocrats were never competitive. When Meritocrats come along they were so competitive because they were not accustomed to the power. - Before 1980 was a time of social inequality filled with racism, sexism, anti-Semitism,anti-farm etc. - Post 1980: From these groups came the elites(especially women). They are new to theircelebrity status with platform, wealth etc. Theybecome unethical, competitive and greedy.These old outsiders have now become the newinsiders. They push their way into wealth andultimately don’t even work anymore they justacquire wealth with no effort. Thomas Aquinas: Friar “Treatise on Law” which is part of Summa Theologica: This book was intended as an instructional guide for moderate theologians and was a condensed version of the teachings on the Catholic Church. In it, “The Philosopher” refers to Aristotle. Aquinas believed in putting an argument in front of you and figuring itout that way. He was a professor at the University of Paris.- Universitas = Guild  word applied toscholars, When you went to a Universityyou worked up to a BA then to a MA.Once you got a Masters you had thelicense to teach (Licenlia Docendi). - Teaching = Docere (Latin) (ex: Doctor,Actor)Treatise on Law 1. Law pertaining to reason – Law does pertain to reason. It is not how we feel it isa matter of thought. It pertains to 4 or 5 basic laws like don’t murder, kill, cheat etc. The first principles of practical intellect. 12. Eternal Law: God’s Law. God didn’t make a purposeless universe; the end of everything is to be what is meant to be. Humans are meat to be moral, Aristotle says happiness is virtue and humans are the only social animals. Real animals are simply gregarious with one another. Humans come together to help each other be better more ethical people. Society is an ethical thing, not just a means of procreation. 3. Natural Law: Nature as creations of God. Doing good deeds for others is innatelywithin human beings. You don’t instill morals into children; you bring out the morality within them. 4. Human Law: Laws created by society to implement and enforce Natural Law. It is an Arena of Disputation superficial law made by people that vary form place-to-place, time-to-time. Human law states you cannot punish/prohibit all evil deeds. If you make human laws to eliminate all evil you will in effect destroy positive things. A wise society can’t make every prohibition for evil because human law can’t create heaven on earth. 5. Divine Law: Human revelations of eternal law (Bible)Islam- The Koran: Allusions to passages in the Bible (Old Testament). - Muhammad: Born around 570, grew in a world where within the Roman Empire Christianity was legalized. In 310 Christianity became legal. Only encounters Jewish Merchants and Byzantines. “The People of the Book” – Hebrew Bible.- Muhammad initially only had positive views of Jews because each did their own thing but once Muslims start expanding and pushing forward this causes tension between the groups. He travels to Medina and Islam becomes a military force inspiredby religion. Army’s inspired by enthusiasm are generally highly effective. Muslims become unstoppable and began recruiting Arabian tribes. Returned later and conquered Mecca. In 711 – even crossed into Spain, In 732 they were stopped by the French army. - There was a black stone in Mecca surrounded by a black curtain called the Raaba. Outside the stone was a circle of the gods of Arabia. When Muhammad came out and said these are just idols he get a lot of lashing out because saying this hurt the city economically. In 622 he is forced to flee to Media. There, he creates an army with a sense of conviction with religion backing them. Thus army becomes unstoppable swept through Arabia, conquered Mecca etc. - There were no surviving Hindu temples in Northern India that pre-date the Muslim invasion  destroyed by conquering Muslims. No icons within Islam, they have no art from images, trees animals etc. - Sunni vs. Shia: Sunni is more traditions based and Shia is more “partisan” – descendants from tradition. - 632 Muhammad dies and there was a question as to who should be the next leader. Caliph: name given to next leader. There was an argument over the true successors ofMuhammad.  Sunni: No successors to Muhammad, he stands alone.  Shia: Found mostly in Iran, center for Shia.2- Pillars of Islam:1. Allah – One God2. Charity (Azarei)3. Ramadan4. The Haj – Pilgrimage to Mecca5. Prayer- European Law: European Law: Law based on divine (bible) and Germanic Law (common sense law). It is good to have these two together but in Iran, Afghan etc. they only have divine law (women not allowed to drive, bad education). - Line of meaning:- Body and State guide anything above theline. They are the lights that guide you inlife of meaning. Some people have allreason and no faith and vice versa.Nowadays, what’s below the line ismore focused on, no reason, no faith(if it feels good, do it). - Islam: In Islam theFaith/Spirituality/Mosque becomes one with Reason/Philosophy/State. Danger was for one of the groups  one to eat up one from on the faith groups. - Judaism: Temple and Synagogue + State are not the way Islam is but there is often a tendency for the two to mix. - Buddhism: Mauryan Empire (300 BCE-300 CE): Only Buddhist Empire. Most of Buddhism in India was assimilated in Hinduism. Buddhism = withdrawal from the line of meaning. - Christianity: Justinian Law/Common Law is separated from church laws. There is little competition between church and state. o Western: Legal system of Divine Law and a Legal

View Full Document

NYU CFI-UF 101 - Social Foundations Review Sheet

Documents in this Course
Load more
Download Social Foundations Review Sheet
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...

Join to view Social Foundations Review Sheet and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Social Foundations Review Sheet 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.


By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?