Unformatted text preview:

I. Western Religious Traditionsa. They are, in general, monotheistic, whereas Eastern religious are in general polytheistic or henotheistic.b. They have prophets, whereas Eastern religionsd. They have concept of life after death, heaven and hell. The Eastern religious have either concept of incarnation or they are silent on the subject.II. Judaism- Who is a Jew? Where is his identity located?a. Jude: one who comes from Judea; an identity in terms of land and region.b. Israel: name given to Jacob; means one who strives with God. It is religious identity.c. Hebrew: the people and the language they speak.i. Most probably the word ‘Hebrew’ comes from the word ‘Apiru’ from Phoenician language, meaning the one who rides caravans’; nomadic people.III. Background in the development of Judaic Thoughta. Preceding Judaism, we have the Near Eastern Religions which comprise the Sumarian, Assyrian, Babylonian, and Egyptian religions. They seem to have influenced the development of Judaic thought historically.i. The Near Eastern Religions: polytheistic, but try to conceive of one highest God (i.e. Marduk in the Babylonian religion)1. Apsu (sweet waters)2. Ti’amat (salty waters)3. Mumy (mist)ii. They try to conceive of haven and hell and idea of reward and punishment.iii. We find a parallel Myth of Flood to the Hebrew Bible story of Noah. But, it is Judaism which becomes monotheistic religion in history of mankind. Judaism becomes the foundation in West, thereby we have religions such as Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Islam.IV. The Hebrew Biblea. Judaism is often associated with the land of Israel, but Judaism is better understood when one studies the Hebrew Bible.i. History of Jewish peopleii. Their thoughtiii. How they lived through the historyiv. Written down as early as 800 B.C.E., but final form achieved 400 B.C.E.v. Consists of1. Torah (Teachings)2. Nevi’m (Prophets)3. Kethuwim (Writings)vi. These three writings are as a short form called T-N-K (or Tanakh or Tanaka)vii. The Torah is the first book of the Hebrew Bible.viii. It is called Pentateuch (five scrolls or books).ix. The second part of the T-N-K is Prophets who spoke in the name of Jewish people.1. Early prophets who concentrate on the Israelite kingdom2. Later prophets who are visionary and they emphasize on morals and ethics.V. The Toraha. Pentateuch, Five Scrolls or Booksb. They are as follows:i. Genesisii. Exoduciii. Leviticusiv. Numbersv. DeuteronomyVI. Genesisa. story of creation of the word presents God asi. creatorii. intelligent beingiii. active poweriv. omniscientv. omnipotentvi. has purpose in creating this universeb. the account of Garden of Eden, temptress Eve brings punishment on Adam and Evec. Story of Noah and the Floodd. Story of Tower of Babele. Abraham is portrayed as the first patriarch. From Ur, Abraham migrates to Haran and settles in the land of Canaan.f. Covenant between God and Abraham.g. Abram’s name changed to Abraham, namely, the one who will multiply…VII. Exodusa. Hebrew midwives were to kill all male children born.b. Moses was spared.c. Moses brought up in the house of Pharaoh. But when Moses sees an Israeli slave being mistreated, he flees from Egypt.d. The Burning Bush: Moses hears the voice of God saying to return to Egypt to help free the slaves.e. Moses wants tot know the divine spirit. God’s response is “I will be who I will be.”f. YAHWEH, the word comes from the verb ‘hayah’, to exist or to be alive.g. It is God who is Life, Existence, and everything else is contingent upon Him.h. Was religion monotheistic or not?i. Ten CommandmentsVIII. Leviticusa. Describes Lawsi. Regarding animal sacrificesii. Which animals may or may not be eateniii. Prohibition of eating blood in itiv. Cutting ones beard, etc.IX. Numbersa. The account of wanderings of Jewish tribes at various placesX. Deuteronomya. Describes Ten Commandments againb. Death of Moses before entering Canaan.XI. The Judges and Kingsa. After death of Moses, Israelites led by judgesb. The judges were persons who had:i. Military powerii. Legal authorityc. Not in the modern sense as we understand the word ‘judge’.d. Joshuai. A judgeii. Leads the Hebrews across Jordan riveriii. Takes town of Jericho and land of Canaaniv. Canaan divided among eleven of the tribes1. Levy, the 12” tribe is given the charge of worship and religious functions among tribes.e. The first king is Saul (B.C.E.)i. Tragic figure who commits suicidef. Thereafter comes David (1013)i. Considered a prototype king of Jewsii. Had great aspiration to build the temple of Jerusalemg. Solomoni. Son of Davidii. Succeeds in building 1st home for Yahweh.iii. Raised revenue for temple construction by raising the taxes.iv. Tax increases causes a revolt against the kingdom of Solomon1. Northern tribes broke away from control of Jerusalem2. Southern kingdom carried on its own until Babylonians took control over ith. During exile and captivity of Jews by Babylonia, Sabbath service of worship developed, since it became difficult for the Jews to visit the Temple and perform sacrifices.i. In 540 B.C.E. Cyrus, King of Persia, took over Babylonia and allowed Jews to return to their homeland and the Second Temple was built.XII. The Talmuda. Considered the interpretation of Hebrew Scriptures by Rabbis to apply their principles, rules and regulations to problems arising in everyday life.b. Two Kinds of Talmud:i. Palestinian Talmudii. Babylonian TalmudXIII. The Palestinian Talmuda. Divided into two parts:i. The Mishnah (Repetition1. Came to exist by 200 B.C.E. Discusses specific biblical laws and their application. It is in six parts.ii. The Gamera (Supplement)1. The further and additional commentary to keep up with the changing times and living conditions.XIV. The Babylonian Talmuda. A large collection of material compiled by Babylonian scholars and specialists, the modern edition of which is compiled by Rabbi Adin Steinsalz.XV. Essentials of Jewish Beliefa. Belief in one God and only one God.i. He is the creator of the universe.ii. The judge of human beings.iii. He is just.iv. According to Judaism, justice must prevail among human beings and we as humans must strive to establish it.b. Belief in the message of prophets.c. Belief that God gave law to Moses.d. Belief that Messiah has yet to come. (Messiah means one whose hair is anointed by olive oil)e. There would be a resurrection in the world to come.XVI. Main Themes of Judaisma. God is One, absolute monotheistic:i.


View Full Document

UCF REL 2300 - Judaism

Download Judaism
Our administrator received your request to download this document. We will send you the file to your email shortly.
Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Judaism and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Judaism 2 2 and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?