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REL2300 B001 July 3rd Overview ---- Exam I 1. Origin of the world “Hindu”? - Sindu 2. How would you define “Hinduism”? - Way of life; how they think, live, pray, worship, perform rituals, and follow customs 3. How does one become “Hindu”? - One must be born Hindu 4. What is “Varna”? - Skin color 5. What is the meaning of the word “Veda”? Give the name of four Vedas and describe their contents. - Knowledge; Rig-Veda (praise of Gods) - Yajur-Veda (how to perform rituals) - Sama-Veda (appropriate music to be chanted) - Atharva-Veda (spells against demons and protection from sickness and snakes) 6. How many hymns are there in Rig-Veda? - 1028 7. Why cow is considered sacred? - Because it sustains you; can’t kill living things; it’s your mother - Professor’s cow: Nandi 8. What is Ahinsa? - Respect for life 9. What is the meaning of the word “Upanishad”? How many Upanishads are there? - “Sit under a tree with Guru, Swami, and Sashu” - 128 10. Who are the following Gods and what are their functions: - Indra: god of Rain; live in Himalaya; like Greek God Zeus - Agni: god of Fire; most cherished/loved by female; every ritual and sacrifice is completed by Agni - Brahman: highest god; eternal and infinite; never die, changing; creator - Vishnu: preserver - Shiva: destroyer - Rudra: god of wind; his son is Marut (storms) - Lakhshmi: female goddess; goddess of prosperity, intelligence; lotus goddess - Varuna: natural power and order - Soma: god of Drink11. Describe four castes and their functions. - Brahmin: Priestly class, religious authority - Chaitrya: Rulers & kings, defend country - Vaishya: tradesmen & farmers, serve people - Shudras: manual laborers, also include: ! Parayas (untouchable) ! Chandlas (illegitimate children) 12. What is Trimurti? - Three gods; Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva 13. What are the following: - Karma: doing good deeds without expecting rewards - Dharma: physical and moral order created by Brahman - Atman: eternal (with Brahman) - Moksha: highest goal of life; becoming one with Brahman - Nirvana: blow your mind - Yoga: union with God 14. Describe three yogas: - Karma Yoga: doing good deeds without expecting rewards - Jhana Yoga: knowing Brahman as different from Maya - Bhakti Yoga: concentration only on Brahman, becoming indifferent to life 15. Meaning of the word “Bhagvat Gita”? - Songs of God 16. Who is Arjuna? Who is Krishna? - Arjuna: prince (Chatriya caste) from family of Pandavas - Krishna: reincarnation of Vishnu 17. How many chapters are there in Bhagvat Gita? What is Mahabharta? - 18 chapters; largest epic ever written BUDDHISM 18. How does one become Buddhist? - The Three Jewels: I take refuge in Buddha, Dharma, Sanga - The Eightfold Path (Middle Path): right understanding, intention, speech, action, work, effort, meditation, and contemplation (joining Sanga: monkish life) 19. When was Buddha born and which caste? - Born in 560 B.C. in the second caste (chatriyas) in Nepal 20. How did Buddha die? - Food poisoning at 80 21. Describe two legends regarding his birth? - 1. Buddha walked seven steps when he was born symbolizing birth was his seventh and final birth - 2. Mother saw dream of white elephant walking into her womb; decided Buddha would become a great king or great teacher22. Describe Four Noble Truths: - 1. Life / existing is suffering - 2. Suffering is caused by desire - 3. Desire must be overcome - 4. Desire is overcome by joining monastic life 23. What is the literal meaning of the word “nirvana”? - Emptiness; blow your mind 24. What are the main differences between Hinduism and Buddhism? - Hinduism has too many gods, too many rituals, too much focus on castes, too much emphasis of sacrifices 25. What are the common elements between Hinduism and Buddhism? - Karma - Reincarnation - Ahinsa - Nirvana (moksha) 26. What is “Pitaka” and why they are called “Pitakas”? - Basket containing teachings of Buddha 27. Describe the main contents of three “Pitakas”: - Sutta Pitaka: says of Buddha - Vinaya Pitaka: describes the rules and regulations from monastic life - Abhidhamma Pitaka: contains metaphysical and philosophical doctrines 28. Give the names of three Buddhist sects: - Hinayana, Mahayana, and Vajryana 29. Describe the main difference between the Hinayana and Mahayana Buddhism: - Hinayana (smaller vehicle): (Theravada) Nirvana by joining Sanga (monastic order) - Mahayana (greater vehicle): Not need Sanga order for Nirvana; helping others in Sanga 30. How would you describe Vajrayana Buddhism? - Diamond Vehicle; employs esoteric practices such as chants and rituals to gain supernatural powers, found blending with Tibetan Buddhism and believes that Lamas are incarnations of the previous Lamas 31. What is the goal of Hindu life and what is the goal of Buddhist life? - Hindu: achieve Moksha; one with Brahman - Buddhist: achieve

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UCF REL 2300 - Exam I

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