UMass Amherst PSYCH 380 - Psych 380 Exam 2 Study Guide (13 pages)

Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4 of 13 page document View the full content.
View Full Document

Psych 380 Exam 2 Study Guide



Previewing pages 1, 2, 3, 4 of actual document.

View the full content.
View Full Document
View Full Document

Psych 380 Exam 2 Study Guide

63 views


Pages:
13
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 380 - Abnormal Psychology

Unformatted text preview:

Difference between fear and anxiety Fear is a state of immediate alarm in response to a serious known threat to one s well being Anxiety is a state of alarm in response to a vague sense of being in danger o Both have the same physiological features increase in respiration perspiration muscle tension etc o ex A tiger jumps out of the bushes and your amygdala reacts and you experience fear if you go somewhere else where there are bushes your fear instinct will act up again o We do not want to eliminate fear anxiety because it acts as a protective defense however when it becomes overwhelming and immobilizing you can start considering that it may be a disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder Excessive anxiety under most circumstances and worry Symptoms o Restlessness fatigue o Difficulty concentrating o Muscle tension o Sleep problems o Symptoms must last at least six months Common in Western society Usually first appears in childhood or adolescence Around one quarter of those with GAD are currently in treatment GAD The Sociocultural Perspective o GAD is most likely to develop in people faced with social conditions that truly are dangerous o One of the most powerful forms of societal stress is poverty due to run down communities higher crime rates fewer opportunities and greater risk for health problems o Higher rates of GAD in lower SES groups GAD The Biological Perspective o Biological theorists believe that GAD is caused chiefly by biological factors o Supported by family pedigree studies o Biological relatives more likely to have GAD 15 than general population 6 o The closer the relative the greater the likelihood o There is however a competing explanation of shared environment o Children who are difficult as babies may grow up to have anxiety GABA inactivity o 1950s Benzodiazepines Valium Xanax found to reduce anxiety o Why Neurons have specific receptors like a lock and key Benzodiazepine receptors ordinarily receive gamma aminobutyric acid GABA common



View Full Document

Access the best Study Guides, Lecture Notes and Practice Exams

Loading Unlocking...
Login

Join to view Psych 380 Exam 2 Study Guide and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or
We will never post anything without your permission.
Don't have an account?
Sign Up

Join to view Psych 380 Exam 2 Study Guide and access 3M+ class-specific study document.

or

By creating an account you agree to our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use

Already a member?