UMass Amherst PSYCH 380 - Psych 380 Exam 3 Study Guide (6 pages)

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Psych 380 Exam 3 Study Guide



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Psych 380 Exam 3 Study Guide

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Pages:
6
School:
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Course:
Psych 380 - Abnormal Psychology
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Anorexia Nervosa Restricting food intake calories fallen below minimum threshold for weight 85 of normal body weight distorted view of self intense fear of becoming overweight period stops Rigid thinking about food good food vs bad food See themselves as 20 30 lbs heavier literal distortion Goal of becoming thing preoccupation with food distorted thinking psychological and medical problems associated with disorder Restricting type o Lose weight by cutting out bad foods work out more than they eat Binge eating purging type o Binge eat lots of calories then make up for it by puking excessively working out or using laxatives to lose weight Treatments o 1 restore person to normal body weight 2 use therapy after addressing eating habits need to overcome underlying psychological problems to achieve lasting improvement o Cognitive behavioral therapy Broad cognitive distortion lies at the center of disordered eating negative self judgement based on body shape weight o Family therapy Family may play an important role in eating disorders A rigid families place importance on looks B chaotic families Bulimia Nervosa Both episodes of eating lots of calories 1 000s binge in one sitting AND purging Patients generally normal weight partake in 1 30 binges per week often in secret feelings associated with a binge engage in compensatory behavior after binge Different than anorexia nervosa because anorexia needs to be below body weight o Bulimia nervosa has no body weight limit Purging type o Characterized by purging o Binging once a week for 3 months o Diet exercise binge purge repeat Slows metabolism often gain weight o Restricting pattern then binge purge Non purging type o Binge eating disorder o Has binging once a week for 3 months but NO purging compensatory behaviors Treatment o 1 restore person to normal body weight 2 use therapy After addressing eating habits need to overcome underlying psychological problems to achieve lasting improvement o Cognitive behavioral therapy Broad cognitive distortion lies at the center of disordered eating negative self judgement based on body shape weight o Family therapy Family may play an important role in eating disorders A rigid families place importance on looks B chaotic families o Emphasis on education and therapy o Interpersonal therapy o Group therapy o Antidepressant medications Binge Eating Disorder Engage in recurrent binges but do not engage in compensatory behavior purging after binge 2 3 of people with this disorder are overweight or obese Treatment is similar to bulimia nervosa Causes of Eating Disorders Most theorists use a multidimensional risk perspective to explain o Psychological factors o Biological factors o Sociocultural conditions Societal pressures Racial and ethnic differences Substance Use Disorder Addiction Tolerance the brain and body s need for ever larger doses of a drug to produce earlier effects Withdrawal unpleasant sometimes dangerous reactions that may occur when people who use a drug regularly stop taking or reduce their dosage of the drug 4 major categories of substances o 1 depressants decrease functioning system wide slow down nerve firing organs breathing rates depress emotions o 2 stimulants rev up system cause person to feel happier more energized increase heart rate and breathing o 3 hallucinogens altered state experiences o 4 cannabis THC in lower doses can mimic a depressant in high doses mimics a hallucinogen Depressants o Alcohol All alcohol contains ethyl alcohol o Sedative hypnotic drugs Barbituates addictive sedative hypnotic drugs that reduce anxiety and help people sleep Benzodiazepines the most common group of antianxiety drugs which includes Valium and Xanax o Opioids Opium or any of the drugs derived from opium including morphine heroin and codeine Narcotics Helps body lessen pain response using body s natural pain response Each drug has a different speed of action strength and tolerance level Depress the CNS Stimulants o Cocaine Most powerful stimulant known Produces a rush of euphoric well being by increasing supplies of dopamine at key neurons in the brain High doses can produce cocaine intoxication Symptoms are mania paranoia impaired judgement schizophrenia like symptoms can also experience hallucinations and or delusions o Cocaine induced psychotic disorder o Amphetamines A stimulant drug that is manufactured in the lab o Caffeine o Nicotine Hallucinogens A substance that causes powerful changes primarily in sensory perception including strengthening perceptions and producing illusions and hallucinations aka psychedelic drugs o LSD Lysergic Acid Diethylamide a hallucinogenic drug derived from ergot alkaloids o MDMA ecstasy Cannabis o THC Tetrahydrocannabinol the main active ingredient of cannabis substances Causes of Substance Use Disorder Behavioral view o Role of classical and operant conditioning o Genetic predisposition o Reward deficiency syndrome theory Treatment Psychotherapy combination of outpatient and inpatient Detoxification Antagonist drugs Drug maintenance therapy o Methadone maintenance programs A treatment approach in clients are given legally and medically supervised doses of methadone a heroin substitute to treat heroin centered substance use disorder Self help groups o Alcoholics Anonymous AA A self help organization that provides support and guidance for people with alcohol use disorder Community prevention programs Disorders of Sex Gender Sexual dysfunctions paraphilic disorders and gender dysphoria 4 phases of human sexual response o 1 desire o 2 excitement o 3 orgasm o 4 resolution Disorders of Desire o Consists of urge to have sex sexual fantasies and sexual attraction to others NOT asexuality o 2 dysfunctions affect this disorder Male hypoactive sexual desire disorder Female sexual interest arousal disorder o Has to be consistent prolonged usually years o Most cases caused primarily by sociocultural psychological factors and biological factors Disorders of Excitement o Marked by changes in pelvic region o Male erectile disorder Known as erectile dysfunction ED 10 of all men o Biological factors can be hormonal changes primary alcohol use other meds use SSRIs can cause decreased libido secondary Changes in neurotransmitters Disorders of Orgasm o 3 disorders of this phase 1 early ejaculation 2 delayed ejaculation 3 female orgasmic disorder o Orgasm not required for good sexual experience o But when orgasm wanted and can t get there then diagnosable 30 of men experience


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