UA FSHD 323 - FSHD 323 exam 4 notes (8 pages)

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FSHD 323 exam 4 notes



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FSHD 323 exam 4 notes

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Pages:
8
School:
University of Arizona
Course:
Fshd 323 - Infancy/Child Development

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FSHD 323 10 26 10 31 FSHD 323 EXAM 4 NOTES Language Development Key Terms Phonology o speech sounds of a language Phoneme o smallest distinct sound in a particular language that signals differences between words Semantics o word meanings and combinations Morpheme o smallest unit in a language that has meaning Syntax o grammatical rules of a language Pragmatics o rules that guide how we use language in social situations Language acquisition o learning native language Nativism o human brains are innately wired to learn language and hearing spoken languages triggers activation of a universal grammar Universal grammar o innate rules for grammar that apply to all languages Overregularization o mistaken application of a language rule to words that don t follow that rule or pattern applying rules where they shouldn t be applied example sticked receptive language o ability to understand words or language expressive language o ability to use written or spoken language we use to convey our thoughts emotions or needs Sensitive period critical period for language development acquisition o infancy puberty o if you learn a second language in early childhood process both language in the same area of the brain o if you learn later in life than you process languages in different parts of brain child directed speech o motherese speech that is tailored to fit the sensory and cognitive capabilities of infants and children so that it holds their attention simplified speech made up of short sentences with highpitched exaggerated intonation sing song rhythm distinct pauses clear gestures repetitive ends in a rising tone joint attention o child attends to the same object or event as the caregiver o May be combined with pointing by either partner o Dynamic consistent back and forth with parent related to better language development Whole object bias o word describes entire object not a small portion FSHD 323 10 26 10 31 Behaviorism Social Cognitive Learning Theory In general language



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