UNCW PSY 256 - Final Exam Study Guide (16 pages)

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Final Exam Study Guide



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Final Exam Study Guide

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Study Guide for final exam in psy 256


Pages:
16
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Course:
Psy 256 - Brain and Behavior
Brain and Behavior Documents

Unformatted text preview:

PSY 256 1st Edition Exam 4 Final Exam PSY 256 Lecture 5 18 15 Chapter 1 all but especially pages 6 9 historical men 12 13 Chapter 2 pages 21 22 parts components of cell Chapter 3 page 49 51 figure 3 10 Sulcus wrinkles in brain indentation Measuring intelligence in the brain Einstein s brain longer curve in visual spatial processing same number of neurons 10x more glia 100 billion neurons Glial cells Greek for glue not like nerve cells nerve cells release chemicals and have electric potential no axon Corpus callosum connects left and right hemisphere of brain Information from the brain You cannot determine much from looking at past brain Chromosomes could be used to determine gender of a brain Sexual orientation Neuro anatomist from the 1970s Simon LeVay Found that straight men have more cells in sexually dimorphic nucleus than females gay men have same number of cells than women fewer than normal published in 1972 Possibility of a biological basis regarding homosexuality Experience could also change brain may not be from birth Surrounding pituitary is hypothalamus Sexually dimorphic nucleus in all mammals males have more cells in sexually dimorphic nucleus than females Study with rats Lecture 5 19 15 For Wednesday Read pages 53 54 66 24 29 Historical thoughts Church doctrine stated that the difference between humans and animals is the presence of free will soul spirit in humans whereas animal behavior relies on reflexes humans do posses reflexes as well but animals do NOT have free will Free will does not have physical basis do we choose to do things or is it a matter of reflex Descartes thought that the pineal gland was related to our soul Dualism Components of a nerve cell Neuron refers to one single cell Nerve single neuron OR a bundle of neurons Many different shapes of a neuron Classic shape is a multipolar cell like image in book page 22 Bipolar PRIMARILY IN EYE 2 extensions coming off of cell body and unipolar SPINAL CORD one cell body neurons also exist



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