UNCW PSY 256 - Exam 2 Study Guide (10 pages)

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Exam 2 Study Guide

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Exam 2 Study Guide


Study Guide for Chapters 4 through 7

Study Guide
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Psy 256 - Brain and Behavior
Brain and Behavior Documents

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PSY 256 1st Edition Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 4 Chapter 4 Intellectual Disability Starts on page 88 1 What does the term diagnostic overshadowing mean page 101 Diagnostic overshadowing refers to the tendency of clinicians to attend to the features of ID rather than the symptoms of coexisting mental disorders The exact prevalence of psychiatric disorders among individuals with ID is unknown because their behavioral and emotional problems are often overlooked 2 What is the prevalence if ID In what age group is it highest page 101 Approximately 1 8 of individuals have ID page 124 Experts disagree about the prevalence of ID estimated between 2 5 and 3 percent of general population have ID others argue its lower 1 83 ID is determined by both IQ and impairment in adaptive functioning ID is more frequently diagnosed among school aged children and adolescents than among adults cognitive impairments associated with ID are more noticeable when people are in school ID is more common in males than females 1 3 1 3 What IQ to children with ID typically earn page 103 and 89 Children with organic Intellectual disability have IQ scores less than 50 An IQ below 70 can indicate significant deficits in intellectual functioning 4 What is adaptive functioning What are the domains page 90 Refers to people s typical level of success in meeting the day to day demands of society in an ageappropriate manner Deficits in adaptive functioning result in failure to meet developmental and socio cultural standards for personal independence and social responsibility The three domains of adaptive functioning are conceptual social and practical page 91 A Conceptual skills a Understanding language speaking reading writing counting telling time solving math problems the ability to learn and remember information and skills B Social skills a Interpersonal skills making eye contact when addressing others following rules turn taking during games social problem solving avoiding arguments understand others

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