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Exam 3 Study Guide (7 pages)

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Exam 3 Study Guide


Study guide for exam 3

Study Guide
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Psy 256 - Brain and Behavior
Brain and Behavior Documents

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Exam # 3 Study Guide Chapters 8-11 PSY 322 Exam 3 Study Guide: Chapter 8: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (page 252) 1) What are the diagnostic criteria for ADHD including specifiers? a. A persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development, as characterized by inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity. Children with significant attention problems show persistent and developmentally unexpected difficulties with attention to detail, sustaining attention over time, listening to others and following through with assignments, organizing tasks, staying focused, and remembering information and where they placed objects. Children who have significant hyperactivity fidget and squirm, have difficulty remaining seated and staying still when expected, show problems playing quietly, are talkative, and “on the go.” Must show at least six out of nine symptoms of either inattention or hyperactivity/impulsivity to be diagnosed. (table 8.1 on page 253) 2) Describe youth who show sluggish cognitive tempo. (page 257) a. “restrictive inattentive presentation”, A subject of children with predominately inattentive presentation show few or no symptoms of hyperactivity or impulsivity. They often daydream, appear drowsy, and act confused. Described as lethargic, hypoactive, or passive. In school they appear spacey or disoriented, and if their minds are constantly wandering from topic to topic. (Forgetful, daydreams, sluggish, drowsy, confused, “in a fog”, stares into space, overtired, underactive, lack of energy) 3) What are the common co-morbid disorders with ADHD? (page 259) a. 44% of children with ADHD had at least one other psychiatric disorder, 32% had two others, and 11% had 3 others. Conduct problems (54 to 67 percent show ODD, 30-56 percent show CD, 18-24 percent develop APD), substance use problems (children with ADHD are 6x more likely to abuse nicotine, alcohol, or other drugs during adolescence, 22 percent of adolescents with ADHD have at least one substance use disorder, higher rates for girls than boys), anxiety and mood disorders (25 percent of children and adolescents with ADHD have at least one anxiety disorder while 20-30 percent experience depression) 4) Describe the prevalence of ADHD. Among whom it highest? (page 262) a. Approximately 3 to 7 percent of children in the general population currently meet diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Higher among school age children compared to preschoolers, adolescents, and adults. Prevalence has increased dramatically over past 30 years, today 9 percent of children have been diagnosed with ADHD at some point in time. More common in boys than girls (10:1) 5) According to Olfson and colleagues (2003), what are the reasons for the increased prevalence of ADHD? (page 262) a. Four explanations for the increase in prevalence of ADHD. (a) The IDEA act (fed law that addresses the education of children with disabilities, began recognizing ADHD as a potential disability in 1990. (b) number of school based health clinics increased during this time period giving low income children greater access to mental health services, (c) 1990s witnessed advances in assessment of ADHD leading to better ID of children with the disorder, (d) general increase in the public awareness of the disorder ...

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