Exam 1 Study Guide (16 pages)

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Exam 1 Study Guide



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Exam 1 Study Guide

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Study Guide for PSY 256 Exam 1


Pages:
16
Type:
Study Guide
School:
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Course:
Psy 256 - Brain and Behavior
Brain and Behavior Documents

Unformatted text preview:

PSY 256 1st Edition Exam 1 Study Guide Lectures Chapter 1 4 Lecture 1 13 Chapter 1 Central Nervous system only brain and spine Peripheral is everything else Brian attached to bottom is brain stem cerabelum attached to brain stem motor system 3 major divisions of the brain 1 forebrain 2 midbrain 3 hindbrain brainstem cortex means bark the pink outside PAGE 61 4 lobes temporal bottom front frontal top front visual or occipital bottom back and parietal top back Ridges in between the fold Gyrus Hippocampus memory means seahorse often times parts were named after things they looked like Amygdala means almond PAGE 20 Soma is the same as cell body cell body axon Dendrites look like branches coming out of the cell body Electric spark action potential which happens between the gaps on the axon gaps known as nodes of RANVIER no other cell in the body communicate like this comes into the cell body then through the axon and out the terminal buttons knobs at end also known as synaptic knob neurons can be as long as 6ft tall PAGE 50 imaginary line from bottom to top of a person neuraxis bottom posterior top Rostral or anterior away lateral ex my hand is lateral from my elbow closer medial side top dorsal side bottom ventral Ipsilateral same side ex right arm is ipsilateral to right leg contralateral opposite side Camillo Golgi 1843 1926 Golgi stain silver chromate that stains cell body and processes Neurons are continuous fused together Santiago Ram n Cajal 1852 1934 Neurons are independent units Page 5 read and study the section called the nature of behavioral neuroscience Know the names of historical people who laid the foundations and know their contributions Hippocrates thought that the brain was the seat of thought Aristotle thought that the brain cooled the passions of the heart Galen went back to the notion that the brain is the center of thinking he also dissected the brain Descartes be sure to read this section about Dualism it is important because it has to do with



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