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SOCI 1311 1st EditionExam # 1 Study Guide Lectures: 1 - 8The Exam will be Chapters 1-3 onlyLecture 1 (January 21)This was Syllabus overview and Kalanzi's introduction (this will not be on exam)Lecture 2 (January 23) Ch 1Define Sociology. How does sociology help us as individuals?how does it help us globally?Chapter 1 in the bookWhat is Sociological perspective? What we commonly think of as personal choice – whether or not to go to college,how many children we will have, even the decision to end our own life – is affected by social forces.Peter Berger described the sociological perspective as “seeing the general in the Particular.”The experience of being an outsider or of living through a social crisis can encourage people to use the sociological experience.What is Global perspective? Societies throughout the world are increasingly interconnected.New technology allows people around the world to share popular trends.Immigration from around the world increases the racial and ethnic diversity of the U.S.Trade across national boundaries has created a global economyWhat deciphers high, middle, and low income countries? 4 main ways that sociological perspective help personal growth by applying concepts?Comte's 3 stages of Society: Theological stage, Metaphysical stage, Scientific stage. (define & understand all)What are Manifest and Latent functions? (pg 13)Social dysfunction? (pg 13)Race-conflict approach? (pg14)3 Symbolic-Interaction approaches? (pg 16)Define feminismLecture 3 (January 26)(from CH1)Three theoretical Paradigms: what approach do these paradigms take? Which renownededucated persons followed which paradigm?Structural-functional, Social Conflict and Symbolic interaction (from CH2)Variables? Examples of variables?Independent & dependent?Other terminology:Correlation, Negative Correlation, Spurious Correlation, Reliability, Validity, Objectivity, Replication (define all).Chapter 2 in the bookBasics of Sociological InvestigationKnow how to apply the sociological investigationBe curious and ready to ask questions about the worldScience- a logical system that bases knowledge on direct, systematic observationsScientific evidence gained from sociological research often challenges common sense (pg 27-28)What is Positive sociology?Studies society by systematically observing social behaviorrequires carefully operationalizing variablesobserves how variables are related and establishes cause & effectfavors quantitative datais well suited to research in a laboratoryWhat does it mean to be constant between variables?See examples of relationships btw variables (pg31)Max Weber's Verstehen, what is it? Translate & define (pg33)Define & understand both Interpretive & Critical Sociology (pg 33-34)What is population in regards to sample?Lecture 4 (January 28) Ch2 cont Define the following: Qualitative Research, Quantitative Research, Hypothesis, Androcentricity,Gynocentricity, Overgeneralizing, Gender BlindnessWhat are a few ethical guidelines for research? Name 6What are some research methods used? Define & understand Inductive Logic & Deductive LogicLecture 5 (January 30) Ch3 What is Culture and what does it refer to?3 desired standards of living?What are beliefsWhat are Non-material and material culture? Give a few examplesCultural anthropology does what exactly?Meaning of death across culture?Define Ethnocentrism 2Chapter 3 in the bookWhat is Culture?It is a way of life culture is shared by members of a societyculture shapes how we act, think and feel (pg 54)Culture is a human trait although several species display a limited capacity for culture, only human beings rely on culture for survival (pg 56-57)Culture is a product of evolutionAs the human brain evolved, culture replaced biological instincts as our species' primary starategy for survival. (pg 57)Cultural Diversitythis diversity is due to our country's history of immigrationdiversity reflects regional differencesdiversity reflects differences in social class that set off high culture(available only to elites)from popular culture (available to the average person). (pg 64)Define Cultural transmissionDefine & understand the Sapir-Whorf thesis (pg 60)Define Afrocentrism and Eurocentrism. What category do these two terms fall under?Understand cultural lag and integration (pg 67)Lecture 6 (February 2) Ch 3 cont Define the following terminology: Culture, Cultural Relativism, Culture Shock, Ideal Culture Vs. Real Culture, High Culture, Popular Culture, Sub Culture, Counter Culture.Language: Non verbal vs. CharactersUniversally understood non verbal languageExamples of non verbal language varying from culture to cultureLecture 7 (February 4) Ch 3 cont What are norms? Prospective and Prescriptive?What are a few characteristics of norms?Define Social control. How do guilt and shaming relate to Social Control?Understand Culture as a Constraint and as a Freedom.What is Cultural Transmission? Examples?What are the 3 ways in which cultures can change?Lecture 8 (February 6) “ The Gods Must be Crazy”This was nothing but a funny film (The Gods Must be Crazy) and was all extra credit.Every exerpt Italicized throughout this study guide is credited to the book required for this course.Sociology by John J.


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