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SOCI 1311 1st EditionLecture 9Chapter 4 Continued Society is on exam 2 Gerhard LenskiSimple society to technologically complex a. simple society: they resemble each other complex: culturally diverse Simple tribes exist in South America, Brazil, Australia , Papau New Guinea, Sentinelese Indian tribe. III. Agrarian SocietiesIV. Industrial SocietiesKarl Marx & SocietyV. Evolution of society VI. speaking for low classVII. highlights the struggle between segments of society over valued resourcesCapitalists: own and operate businesses for profitsProletariat: sell their labor for wages (or food & shelter) VIII. Economy is the foundation of societyFalse Consciousness: explaining social problems for shortcomings of individuals rather than society. a.i. Example: Poor people are lazy(Poor people work harder and more often) b. Class Consciousness: we realize who we are and unite & overcome capitalistsIX. Workers must replace false consciousness with class consciousnessX. “workers of all lands, unite!!!” Communist Manifesto and on his tombstone. XI. History of all existing societies is the history of class struggles or conflict. XII. Over distribution of society's wealth & powerThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.XIII. Alienation: experience of isolation & misery resulting from powerlessness (4 ways in whichcapitalists allowed alienation)from the act of working w/no say & repetitiveness a.i. Conveyor belt speed, long hours from products of their work in which they have no ownership b.i. don't get a free burger when working for McDonald's from others: becomes more competitive instead of cooperative between workers from developing full human potential d.i. only trained in one thingMax WeberXIV. Reason, ideas move societyXV. Traditional society is dominated by sentiments & beliefs passed from one generation to theotherXVI. Rational Societies are based on deliberate calculations, human thought, andefficiencyXVII. Protestant Ethic: how reason or ideas of Calvinists (Christians) move society.Max Weber & Christian DoctrinesXVIII. the Fall (Adam & Eve sinned)XIX. Hell certain for all (all born in sin)Predestination (salvation for a few) XXI. No one knew if they were chosenXXII. Material possessions=signs for God's salvationXXIII. Hard work led to surplusXXIV. Classes evolved to very rich and the very poorXXV. Capitalism is born.XXVI. Calvinism= work for salvationXXVII. religious ethic turns into work ethic2Emile DurkheimXXVIII. Formulated a theory anomieXXIX. Anomie: a state of lawlessness (Riots)Modern society = root of anomie XXXI. Gives little moral guidance to


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