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UT Arlington SOCI 1311 - Socialization

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SOCI 1311 1st Edition Lecture 6Outline of Last Lecture I. Sub-CultureII. Counter-CultureIII. Culture ShockIV. EthnocentrismA. Pride vs. Prejudice V. Cultural RelativismVI. Multiculturalism VII. American CultureOutline of Current Lecture I. SocializationII. Cultural TransmissionIII. Nature vs. NurtureIV. Twins vs. Feral ChildrenV. SociobiologyVI. Theories of Socialization A. Freudian TheoryB. Looking Glass SelfC. Development of SelfD. Situated Self Current Lecture-SocializationI. SocializationA. The process by which we learn & internalize the components of culture as well as develop a sense of self.B. This is where we learn to interact with peopleC. It is a life-long processII. Cultural TransmissionA. The process by which we pass our culture on from one generation to the nextIII. Debate over Nature vs. NurtureA. Nature Position1. In-born biological composition 2. We are who are ancestors were3. Social Darwinism (individuals & groups)B. Nurture PositionThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.1. Social interaction 2. Stratification- the idea of ranking, people make it if they’re higher on the ladder3. The reason why some of us do better in life is because they have moreopportunitiesIV. Twins vs. Feral Children A. Twins1. Nature Theorists study twins who were separated at birth2. Twins showed to have similar things (jobs, married same kinds of people) B. Feral Children1. Nurture Theorists study children who were raised in isolation 2. A child who was not taught socialization (ABCs, 123s)3. Social interaction is vital for healthV. Sociobiology A. Middle ground, the mending of nature & nurture B. The environment turns on our genetic potential VI. Theories of Socialization A. Freudian Theory 1. Impulses & urges drive us 2. Internal Conflict3. Personality 1. Id- unconscious self, pleasure seeking2. Ego- resolves the conflict 3. Superego- best part of you, knows right & wrong B. Looking Glass Self 1. Named after Charles Cooley, who disagreed with Freud2. We look out into the world & interpret what we see3. We can be right or wrong about what we see4. Three Componentsa. My opinion about what I see in the worldb. I’m guessing what you think c. My reaction to your reactionC. Development of Self1. George Mead2. Agreed with Freud, but though his theory was too complicated3. “I” a. Acts as the Idb. Never has been socializedc. Is ok with doing the wrong thingsd. Is ok with not knowing the rules, procedures4. “Me”a. Acts as a combination of the Ego & Superego b. Has been socialized c. Knows right & wrong, wants to do the best D. Situated SelfA. Code-Switching1. The idea that every situation has a cultural norm2. Different people bring out different aspects of our personality3. Who we interact with results in behavior


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