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UA SOC 101 - Socialization and Development of Self

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SOC 101 1st Edition Lecture 6Outline of Last Lecture I. CultureA. Elements of Culture B. Cultural Diversity II. Intro to SocializationIII. VocabularyOutline of Current Lecture I. Socialization II. Freudian Theory of Personality III. Jean Piaget Stages of Development IV. VocabularyCurrent LectureI. Socialization Socialization- The lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals acquire a self- identity and the physical, mental, and social skills needed for survival in a particular.When considering socialization it is important to recognize cultural changes. These changes include responses between innovations and/ or inventions, as well as responses between discovery and understanding. There are three theories when understanding socialization: Psychoanalytical Theory, Social-Learning theory, and Symbolic Interactionism. II. Freudian Theory of Personality Formulated around the traumatic experiences of conformity. His main thesis centers on the “Id”,“Ego”, and “Super Ego”. Id- The human beings basic derivesEgo- a person’s conscious effort to balance innate pleasure- seeking drives with the demands of society Super Ego- the cultural values and norms internalized by an individual These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.They are then broken down into age groups of social development: 1. Oral- Infancy2. Anal- Toddler 3. Phallic- Child4. Latency- Kid 5. Genital- Adolescent III. Jean Piaget’s Stages of Development Social learning theories hold that the individual develops a personality from learning responses to social behavior. Piaget’s stages are broken down into: Sensorimotor stages- the level of human development at which individuals experience the world only through their senses Preoperational stages- the level of human development at which individuals first uses language and other symbols Concrete operational stages- level of human development at which individuals first see casual connections in their surroundings Formal operational stages- the level of human development at which individuals thinks abstractly and critically The sensorimotor stage typically occurs around age 0-1.5 years old, and deals with the senses and movement. ThePreoperational stage occurs from ages 1.5 to 7 years old, and deals with symbols.The Concrete operational stage occurs from ages 7 to 11, and deals with logic and shift to thinking about the abstract. Finally, theFormal operational stages happen around age 12+ and deals with thinking about the more complex abstract.IV. Vocabulary“Self”- the part of a individual’s personality composed of self- awareness and self-image“Total Institution”- a setting in which people are isolated from the rest of society and manipulated by an administrated


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