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UA SOC 101 - Culture and Intro to Socialization

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SOC 101 1nd Edition Lecture 5 Outline of Last Lecture I. Sociological Investigations A. “Doing” SociologyB. Limitations II. Research EthicsIII. Research Methods IV. 10 steps in Sociological InvestigationV. Vocabulary Outline of Current Lecture I. CultureA. Elements of Culture B. Cultural Diversity II. Intro to SocializationIII. VocabularyCurrent LectureI. CultureCulture- the way of thinking, the ways of acting and the material objects that together form a people’s way of life. There are two typed of understanding culture. There is, “Nonmaterial Culture”, which are the ideas created by members of a society. And, “Material Culture”, which is the physical things created by members of a society. Another common aspect of entering in a new culture is “Culture Shock”. Which is, personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life. A. Elements of Culture 1. Symbols- anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture. 2. Language- is a system if symbols that allows people to communicate with one another. These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.> Sapir-Whorf thesis: people see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language 3. Values- culturally defined standards that people use to decide what is desirable, good, and beautiful and that serve as broad guidelines for social living. 4. Beliefs- are specific thoughts of ideas that people hold to be true. 5. Norms- are the rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members.6. Social Control- attempts by society to regulate people’s thoughts and behaviors 7. Technology- Knowledge that people use to make a way of life in their surroundingsB. Cultural DiversityThere are various aspects of cultural diversity that include, but are not limited to: High culture- Cultural patterns that distinguish a society’s elite Popular Culture- cultural patterns that are widespread among a society’s population Subculture- cultural patterns that set a part some segment of a society’s populationMulticulturalism- a perspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the United States and promoting equal standing for all cultural traditions Counterculture- cultural patterns that strongly oppose these widely accepted within a societyCultural investigation- the close relationships among various elements of a cultural system Cultural lag- the fact that some cultural elements change more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural systemThere are also theories to understand culture, as well. The most prominent being “Structural-Functional Theory”, which encompasses the complex strategies for meeting human needs. Another recognized theory is, “Sociobiology”, which is a theoretical approach that explores waysin which human biology affects how we create culture. II. SocializationSocialization- the lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential and learn culture. Also, the process of social interaction through which individuals acquire a self-identity and the physical, mental, and social skills needed for survival in a particular culture. > “Personality”- a person’s fairly consistent patterns of acting, thinking and feeling When understanding socialization it is important to recognize theorists that have led to sociologists’ understandings today. The most important being Freud and Jean Piaget.III. Vocabulary“Cultural transmission”- the process by which one-generation passes culture to the next **“Mores”- norms that are widely observed and have great morals significance **“Folkways”- norms for routine or casual interactions “ Cultural Universals”- traits that are part of every known culture (ex. Family, funeral rites,


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