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UT CC 301 - The Odyssey Books 9- End

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CC 301 1st Edition Lecture 5 Outline of Last Lecture I. In depth discussion of the Odyssey books 6-9 including parallels and Odysseus' landing on the Island of the Lotus Eaters and dealing with the Cyclops, Polyphemus.Outline of Current Lecture II. Obstacles Along Odysseus’ JourneyIII. Meeting with AthenaIV. Returning to IthacaV. Odysseus and the SwineherdVI. Odysseus Reveals HimselfCurrent LectureObstacles Along Odysseus’ JourneyThe men were travelling through the land of the Sirens and they had been advised to cover theirears or they could potentially be lured into death. However, Odysseus himself chose to keep hisears open but instructed his men to cover his ears. The next obstacle is Scylla and Charybdis. Scylla was a horrible six-headed monster who livedon a rock on one side of a narrow strait. Charybdis was a whirlpool on the other side. You couldgo on one side and definitely lose six of your men, or you could go on the other side andpotentially lose all of your men if you do not get by. Odysseus decided that the better optionwould be heading towards Scylla rather than risk all of his men….Finally they come to the island of Thrinacia inhabited by the cattle of the sun which Odysseushad been warned about by Teriseus who told him not to eat those cattle. Odysseus and his men,were unfortunately stranded on that island for a month and there was nothing else to eat, and hismen were starving so even though he had commanded his men to stay away from this cattle, oneday when Odysseus was exploring options for other food, his men grabbed some of the cattle. Odysseus learned from losing all of his companions that you have to be patient and take yourtime and let things happen which also helped him later on in dealing with the suitors.Meeting with AthenaThen Odysseus comes across a cave: the cave of the Nymphs where there are two entrances, onefacing the sun, the warmer area for the Gods and the other colder more earthy entrance forhumans. This represents another point of interaction between the Gods and people. This isThese notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute.coincidentally the spot where Athena chooses to meet Odysseus. She first appears in disguise asa shepherdess and when she asks Odysseus who he is, he pretends to be an exile from the islandof Crete. But, then Athena reveals herself and advises him to continue to pretend to be ahomeless exile, and she even assisted him and made him look older and ragged. This was a wayof helping him maintain his disguise.Returning to Ithaka The last thing we hear about in Book 13 is about the Phaeacians who helped Odysseus out butwhen their ship was returning home, Poseidon turned it into stone and docked it in their harboralso threatening to bury their city. Not only is this because of his anger for Odysseus but alsobecause he was upset that they did not attribute their safe travels at sea to him, the sea god. Itmay also be an explanation for the magical factor that is surrounding the Phaecians.Odysseus and the SwineherdIn Book 14, Odysseus comes to a hut of the swineherd, Eurmaios. This man is very loyal toOdysseus and tells the disguised homeless beggar (Odysseus) about how the suitors have takeneverything over. Odysseus once again tells his story of being an exile from Crete, mainly as abastard son of a noble Cretian. He went and fought in Troy and after returning from Troy he wentto Egypt to engage in some trade but the men that he took with him on his ship disobeyed hisorders and began plundering and stealing from the Egyptians triggering the coming of their armyand wiping them out. Then supposedly the Egyptians offered to send him home with help butapparently it was manned by a dishonest man who wanted to sell him into slavery so he ranaway. ^ This whole story was fictional but it still has elements of the truth.Eurmaios the pig farmer believes it all except for the one detail where the stranger (Odysseus indisguise) states that he’s heard that Odysseus is nearby and about to come home. It’s funny howthis story is actually parallel to Eurmaios’ own story where he claims he was the son of a kingsold by a Phenician nurse eventually leading him to become one of Odysseus’ slaves. The factthat can be derived from this story is that sometimes those of good birth and real talent wind upbeing slaves in miserable conditions. Another thing that happened in book 15 was the return of Telemachos from Sparta. There is a very interesting type of Freudian slip. On page 243 there is a slip of the tongue at thetop of the page. Odysseus Reveals HimselfAs Odysseus finally finishes his long monologue about his journey, the Phaecians feel pity forhim and send him on his way home. Once he arrives at Ithaka he stays with Eurmaios, theswineherd and is turned into his true form and reunited with his son. Together they hatch a planto get rid of the suitors so once again, Odysseus bears the disguise of the beggar. When he goesto the palace only his dog, Argos recognizes him but dies when he is ignored by Odysseus. Thesuitors all make fun of Odysseus for looking so haphazard so Penelope tells Eurycleia to washhim up and when doing so, the old nurse recognizes her former charge by a scar on his foot.Odysseus tells her to keep his identity a secret. Penelope tells the suitors that whoever is able to string and shoot a bow with the accuracy of Odysseus would have her hand in marriage, none of the suitors are able to so the beggar (Odysseus) asks for a chance. All the beggars ridicule him but suddenly Odysseus turns and begins shooting them with the help of Telemachos and Eurymaios who locked the doors. Antinoos and Eurymachos get shot first. Even Athena appears to give him courage and finally hekills all the suitors and then reveals himself to Penelope living happily ever after, after 20


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