SC CRJU 101 - Death Penalty (7 pages)

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Death Penalty



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CRJU 101 1st Edition Lecture 18 Outline of Last Lecture I The Ice Man Outline of Current Lecture II Capital Punishment III Statistics on the Death Penalty IV Federal Death Penalty V Methods of Execution a Lethal Injection b Electrocution c Lethal Gas d Firing Squad e Hanging VI Prisoners on Death Row 1945 2006 VII Arguments for Death Penalty VIII Arguments Against Death Penalty Current Lecture Tuesday 11 25 14 These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor s lecture GradeBuddy is best used as a supplement to your own notes not as a substitute Capital Punishment Lawful imposition of the death penalty 57 countries still have DP o 2 industrial democratic nations 1st world China still does use DP but not considered a democratic nation US Japan very rarely used Negative view of the US 32 states still use the DP US military and federal system use death penalty 1930s about 200 people a year executed 1970s 80s US had a moratorium on the DP because the way we carried out the DP was cruel and unusual Statistics on the Death Penalty 2013 Executions in the US o 39 Executions that took place o 23 white 13 black 3 Latino o 1 female o 1 electrocution rest lethal injections some people claim it s the race of the victim that determines who gets the death penalty South Carolina DP o Located Broad River Road Correctional Institution Texas carries out the most DP executions o o o o Death row located in Dorchester County why Don t want the officers to get attached the inmates because that would cause problems if you re personally attached and had to execute them Witnesses 3 witnesses one from AP the wire and TV and media prosecutor family victims family as well as offenders family only 3 people from family Injection or chair It s up to you Convicted prior to 1957 you have to get the chair unless you write a letter saying you want lethal injection 47 inmates currently sentenced to death 1 out in California currently until his time is up Federal Death Penalty Issued in 1790 o 340 executed since then federal only o 14 is the youngest execution that has taken place was in SC Federal Death Row o Terre Haute Indiana since 1993 o 60 inmates on death row o Method that they use in the federal system Lethal injection Executions been over a decade since we ve executed anyone over the federal system o Timothy McVeigh 2001 fertilizer bomb had to change the judge and venue because he blew up his office Had two pints of mint chocolate chip ice cream as his last meal o Juan Garza 2001 o Louis Jones Jr 2003 brutal nature of attack Who cant be executed o Children has to be at the time the crime was committed under 18 because of the mental capacity of the individual at the time the crime was committed o Pregnant women o Those with intellectual disability those below a certain IQ Methods of Execution medical professionals cannot be involved in this because they took an oath to help people 5 methods used in the US firing squad hanging gas chambers o Lethal Injection Used in most states Continue to use this old method even though we can probably use a better one Several state have moved to this new one drug protocol to prevent botches and make it more humane 3 injections combination of all 3 that makes it lethal Thiopental sodium renders you unconscious Pavulon 2nd after clearing the line stops your muscle system and temporarily paralyzes you and stops your breathing Potassium Chloride will stop your heart o Electrocution Option in 9 states multiple methods A doctor will pronounce death 15 second rounds of shock o o o Need a wet sponge to conduct electricity Lethal gas Option in 4 states AZ CA MO WY Cyanide crystals in an air tight room and it sucks the oxygen out of the room People turn a blueish purple color We don t use this anymore because of the holocaust Firing Squad Option in 1 state Utah Goal is to explode the heart Have blank rounds so you don t know who actually did it or feel guilty although you probably know if you shoot regularly Have sand bags behind you to absorb the blood Hanging Option in 2 states New Hampshire Washington Have to have a long enough drop to do what s intended to and if it s too long it can decapitate someone Negative connotation we don t use this method anymore but it is on the books incase lethal injection is deemed unconstitutional China kills around 7 000 people a year by lethal injection they might harvest organs of individuals they kill Prisoners on death row 1945 2006 90s 2000s over 3 500 people on death row amount of people on death row because of the amount sentences is increasing as well Guaranteed appeals on DP cases o 3 types of appeals Takes about 12 years to actually get executed Japan uses the hanging method but they don t tell you the day of your execution and don t tell your family until after you re executed Offered spiritual counseling Most states allow you to pick your last meal Arguments For Death Penalty Deterrence through fear of punishment stop people from committing a crime General Deterrence o People don t commit homicide because they re afraid to get the death penalty cant prove this o People might not know what crimes constitute the DP Restores moral order o You took from me so I take from you o Idea of getting just desserts o Retribution Just Desserts Incapacitation protects society o What you did was so bad you don t get to be in society anymore o Only way to 100 ensure you wont do anything again Constitutionally appropriate o Have a right to do that More humane than life in prison o Hard to make that assessment Reduces costs o 30 000 a year to house an inmate o money is always a factor Almost impossible to execute an innocent person o The Life of David Gale a movie that proves you can execute an innocent person sometimes bad witness testimony bad evidence etc Closure for victim s families o Feel better because this has an end Arguments Against Death Penalty Doesn t deter crime Violates human rights o Some people think it is wrong because life for a life is not justice Racial minorities most affected o Disagreement on that statement Too expensive o Appeals process is very expensive and takes up time of the courts Boosts murder rate brutalizing effect o Government can kill so I can too Not all people want vengeance o Some people are okay with forgiving and moving on Arbitrary and unfair o Mannerism of the way it s carried out is unfair


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