ECU NUTR 1010 - Exam 3 Study Guide (59 pages)

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Exam 3 Study Guide



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Exam 3 Study Guide

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Pages:
59
Type:
Study Guide
School:
East Carolina University
Course:
Nutr 1010 - Cultural Foods
Cultural Foods Documents
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NUTR 1010 1st Edition Exam 3 Study Guide One of the largest cultural groups in the US 12 or nearly 39 million people of the US population in 2008 Majority are blacks originally from West Africa o Ancestors brought by force not choice to the US History characterized by persecution and segregation Great Contribution to American Culture Cultural Perception of Africa 2nd largest continent in the world Estimated population 1 billion Much of the climate is tropical Rainfall varies widely Varied Geography o Rainforest Grassland mountains temperature zones along the Mediterranean Sahara Dessert largest in the world o Stretches from the Atlantic to the Red Sea o Separates North African Nation o From Sub Saharan Western Eastern and Southern Long history of conflict never eliminated the Tribal Affinity History in the US Enslavement o Servants preceded the Mayflower o Most were from W Africa o Slave importation ended in 1809 o Slaves established before North American they were brought to North America o Tribal Conditions determined which became slaves and which sold slaves Emancipation came with ratification of 13th amendment in 1865 o Gave all blacks Freedom o Exploitation continued Many Moved to the northeast or the Midwest about 1900 o Migration continued north for many years NY Detroit Chicago Philadelphia Civil Rights in the 1960s o Attempts to reverse past discrimination Tribal Villages horticultural o Viewed identity as existence in relation to physical and social needs of group Extended families and relatives were foundations Hard to separated bc identity associated with groups o So Wouldn t because completely acculturated developed Black Creole Native born culture in US Dev during the early slave period Combination of white and west African influence Current Demographics About are in the South More movement to the south now than to the north Live in African American or Hispanic neighborhoods Few Immigrants now o 1 3 from West Africa Nigeria and Ghana o Sudanese and Eritreans escaping war o Others from ethnic and civil conflicts 1 from Caribbean or Central American Descent Socioeconomic Status Economic disparities Poverty rate unemployment rate still double for nonhispanic white families High School Graduation rates lower Strong ethnic Identity Geographically politically and socioeconomically diverse Recent immigrants often come for educational opportunity and or well educated Worldview Africans Religion Spirituality integral to African Tribal Society Religion is an important part of the social and spiritual life of African American society today Predominant Christian denominations are Largest National Baptist Convention of the USA the Methodist Episcopal Church and Pentecostal Recent Immigrants o Muslim o Protestant Christian o Eastern Orthodox o Half of African population believed to participate in traditional tribal religions or combined faiths Family Extended Family important sine Tribal times disrupted during slave period o During sale of own of parent 43 of famliies headed by women Multigenerational homes are common Children are highly valued African societies today are highly patriarchal o African women subservient to men arranged marriages Extended kinship supports one another the extended family is highly valued Traditional Health Beliefs Chp 8 In Africa Traditional beliefs include the influence of natural supernatural and social forces as important causes for events and illnesses o Forces influence life events o Individuals can influence these forces towards good and evil Health maintained through harmony o Disharmony when someone malevolent mosquito example Rest and diet are part of maintain health Home remedies and herb teas are used Prayer is an important component to health Africans enjoy energy rather than matter Traditional healers diagnose determine the supernatural cause and then dislodge the evil cause of an illness o Root Dr home remedies conjur o Cures might include the use of herbs trances spirit visits and or dietary resitrictions o Healers of all kind use holistic approach Current practices in the US integreate traditional practices with influences from NA and whites Some believe illness is a punishment from God and God acts through doctors to heal Voodoo Hoodoo is practiced by some traditional healers o Combination between Catholic and African They Believe 3 meals a day are good for you Laxatives and cod liver oil prevents colds Vicks vapor rub ingested for colds Wear Copper bracelets Stress causes poor health hypertension o worryation diabetes Toad on a head for headaches Toad dies headache goes away Traditional Food Habits Ingredients and Common Foods West African diet changed due to New World Foods before Africans came to he US New World Foods o Cassava o Corn o Chiles o Peanuts o Pumpkins o Tomatoes Old World Foods Native to West Africa o Watermelon o Black eyed Peas o Okra o Sesame o Taro Millet used as Bird Food Adaptations and substitutions made with what was available West African British French Spanish and Native American influences produced American Southern Cuisine Fried boiled and roasted Pork Pork fat Corn Sweet potatoes local green leafy vegetables West African Fare Staples varied due to locale o Corn Millet Rice in Coastal Areas Sierra Leone o Yams cassava and plantains in more southern areas Nigeria o Sahara Desert Tribes were pastoral herding camels sheep goats and cattle o Food boiled or fried dipped in sauce eaten by hand o Common seasonings Food items The Ingredents Tomatoes Hot Chile Peppers and onions o A Thick sticky texture preferred in foods Mucilagirous o North Local fish game chicken o Many Tropical Fruits and Vegetables o o o o Only a few eaten but many common apples baobab guava lemon papaya Pine water Nuts and seeds as well as resulting oils Palm oil predominant fat gives food red hue Sometimes peanut shea or coconut oil used Curry Starched Vegetables fufu Potted yams plantains Ethiopian Eritrean Somali Sudanese Arid climates with mountainous plains and lowland valleys Staples include millet sorghum plantains Chicken fish mutton goat and beef Many Ethiopians are vegetarian due to Eastern Orthodox religion Coffee is the leading export crop BerBer Seasoning Wat Stew National Ethiopian Dish Some Italian dishes Restirct Animal Proteins Muslims follow halal practices in some regions Injera Fermented dough Sudan Diet reflects Middle East and African East African Kenya Tanzania Uganda Climate and geography well suited to farming and


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